Class Notes (906,132)
CA (538,597)
UTSG (45,723)
ANT (1,751)
ANT100Y1 (999)
Lecture

Signifying Reality - Communication and Construction

3 Pages
113 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Anthropology January 27th, 2011.
Signifying Reality: Communication and Construction
*Memorize words in GREEN*
Signifying – making sense, making signs
Franz Boas 1858-1942
With Kwakwakawakw (Kwakiutl) family.
Vancouver Island, 1894
Each culture is a complex of language, culture, and physical type, and none is
inferior to any other
A higher culture
Cultural Relativism
An extreme idea – each culture has its own values, which may be diff from other
culture and if you belong to one culture you should not judge another
There are no universal standards of progress (or of mortality)
Universal is really Western” – e.g. democracy begun in Western nations
Can this be used to deny what is taken as human rights in the West, to others?
Why linguistics and semiotics in anthropology?
Anthropology – study of what it means to be human
Why language?
Why semiotics? (What is semiotics?)
Homo sapiens – “human that knows
Knowing – making sense (reflecting, representing)
Language: a way to make sense
Language means to make sense = to signify
Study of language: linguistics
Study of signs (signifying): semiotics
Linguistics is part of semiotics
Communication
Classic (“structuralist) communication model:
Speaker (sender), channel, hearer (receiver)
Encoding and decoding
Assumes that there is an uncoded message independent of language
This is probably not true
A Classic (“Saussurean”) View of Signification
Ferdinand de Saussure . 1857-1913
Signifier and “signified
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Anthropology January 27 , 2011. Signifying Reality: Communication and Construction *Memorize words in GREEN* Signifying – making sense, making signs Franz Boas 1858-1942 • With Kwakwaka’wakw (Kwakiutl) family. • Vancouver Island, 1894 • Each culture is a complex of language, culture, and physical type, and none is inferior to any other • A higher culture Cultural Relativism • An extreme idea – each culture has its own values, which may be diff from other culture and if you belong to one culture you should not judge another • “There are no universal standards of progress (or of mortality)” • “Universal is really Western” – e.g. democracy begun in Western nations • Can this be used to deny what is taken as human rights in the West, to others? Why linguistics and semiotics in anthropology? • Anthropology – study of what it means to be human • Why language? • Why semiotics? (What is semiotics?) Homo sapiens – “human that knows” • Knowing – making sense (reflecting, representing) • Language: a way to make sense • Language means to make sense = to signify • Study of language: linguistics • Study of signs (signifying): semiotics • Linguistics is part of semiotics Communication • Classic (“structuralist”) communication model: • Speaker (sender), channel, hearer (receiver) • Encoding and decoding • Assumes that there is an uncoded message independent of language • This is probably not true A Classic (“Saussurean”) View of Signification • Ferdinand de Saussure. 1857-1913 • “Signifier” and “signified” www.notesolution.com Anthropology January 27 , 2011. • Signifier + signified = sign Symbol, Icon, Index • Symbol: arbitrary relation to signified (“referent”) - Connected only via the system of signification (e.g. language) • Arbitrary is opposite of “motivated” • Motivated: e.g. a picture Icon and Index • Icons share some of
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit