ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Social Constructionism, Franz Boas, Homo Sapiens

38 views3 pages
9 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
Anthropology January 27th, 2011.
Signifying Reality: Communication and Construction
*Memorize words in GREEN*
Signifying – making sense, making signs
Franz Boas 1858-1942
With Kwakwakawakw (Kwakiutl) family.
Vancouver Island, 1894
Each culture is a complex of language, culture, and physical type, and none is
inferior to any other
A higher culture
Cultural Relativism
An extreme idea – each culture has its own values, which may be diff from other
culture and if you belong to one culture you should not judge another
There are no universal standards of progress (or of mortality)
Universal is really Western” – e.g. democracy begun in Western nations
Can this be used to deny what is taken as human rights in the West, to others?
Why linguistics and semiotics in anthropology?
Anthropology – study of what it means to be human
Why language?
Why semiotics? (What is semiotics?)
Homo sapiens – “human that knows
Knowing – making sense (reflecting, representing)
Language: a way to make sense
Language means to make sense = to signify
Study of language: linguistics
Study of signs (signifying): semiotics
Linguistics is part of semiotics
Communication
Classic (“structuralist) communication model:
Speaker (sender), channel, hearer (receiver)
Encoding and decoding
Assumes that there is an uncoded message independent of language
This is probably not true
A Classic (“Saussurean”) View of Signification
Ferdinand de Saussure . 1857-1913
Signifier and “signified
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Franz boas 1858-1942: with kwakwaka"wakw (kwakiutl) family, vancouver island, 1894, each culture is a complex of language, culture, and physical type, and none is inferior to any other, a higher culture. Cultural relativism: an extreme idea each culture has its own values, which may be diff from other culture and if you belong to one culture you should not judge another. There are no universal standards of progress (or of mortality) . Why linguistics and semiotics in anthropology: anthropology study of what it means to be human, why language, why semiotics? (what is semiotics?) Communication: classic ( structuralist ) communication model, speaker (sender), channel, hearer (receiver, encoding, assumes that there is an uncoded message independent of language, this is probably not true and decoding. A classic ( saussurean ) view of signification: ferdinand de saussure. January 27th, 2011: signifier + signified = sign. : arbitrary relation to signified ( referent : symbol.

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers