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Lecture

ANT 200Y1 Lecture 2.docx

2 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT200Y1
Professor
Michael Chazan

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ANT 200Y1 Lecture 2
GPS
o Global positioning system
GIS
o Geographic Information system
Software packages that allow us to control and correlate tracking data
Takes different layers
3 coordinates, geo-reference them
Rubber sheeting
Stretch them out and sit on top of the other
Massively useful for the management of information
Can translate this into 3 dimensional models
Predicting
Why Survey?
o Find sites
How?
Talk to people
Do history
What/how to look
Different depending on site
o Could be grassy or more difficult
Look for erosion
Test pitting
Field walking
Why?
To make sure you’re not going to destroy anything
Set up for excavation
o Find patterns
Method of research in and of itself
Can learn things that we can’t learn from excavation
Patterning of how people use the landscape
Ex: hunter gatherer
o Base camp central, radiate out for tasks
o Seasonal camps in a rotation
What can we predict?
o May find specialized camp
o Redundancy in seasonal camps
o Might not find that by excavating one camp but by survey
Ex: urban societies
o Urban centre with towns and then villages encircling it
Argument: not enough to just look at the urban centre but how
it sits in the rest of the area
How society organizes space
o The Pub Effect
If we’re interested in how people use the landscape, it’s imperative that our
research design avoid biases
Have to develop systematic methods of survey that avoid bias
What makes sites visible?
o Deposition

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Description
ANT 200Y1 Lecture 2  GPS o Global positioning system  GIS o Geographic Information system  Software packages that allow us to control and correlate tracking data  Takes different layers  3 coordinates, geo-reference them  Rubber sheeting  Stretch them out and sit on top of the other  Massively useful for the management of information  Can translate this into 3 dimensional models  Predicting  Why Survey? o Find sites  How?  Talk to people  Do history  What/how to look  Different depending on site o Could be grassy or more difficult  Look for erosion  Test pitting  Field walking  Why?  To make sure you’re not going to destroy anything  Set up for excavation o Find patterns  Method of research in and of itself  Can learn things that we can’t learn from excavation  Patterning of how people use the landscape  Ex: hunter gatherer o Base camp central, radiate out for tasks o Seasonal camps in a rotation  What can we predict? o May find specialized camp o Redundancy in seasonal camps o Might not find that by excavating one camp but by survey  Ex: urban societies o Urban centre with towns and then villages encircling it  Argument: not enough to just look at the urban centre but how it sits in the rest of the area  How society organizes space o The Pub Effect 
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