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Lecture 3

Culture-Lecture 3-The Price of Progress-Feast and Famine Mar 12 2009

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University of Toronto St. George
Marcel Danesi

Lecture 3: The Price of Progress: Feast & Famine I. Introduction N Have food production systems progressed over time? N Way culture limits choices we exercise when we decide what we are going to eat N Food choices and consequences II. The Agricultural Revolution N Foraging strategies of subsistence N Agriculture: using domesticated plants and animals N Changing fundamental ways of humans organized themselves socially, politically biologically 1. Labour o Far more human nature is needed when you shift from foraging to domestic farming o Increase in populations (trend upwards- pop growth) o Feed back loop o Steady rise in human population o $50.L,OL]0M4-8 2,NL3J54990709. o Net increase in amount of surplus farmers can produce overtime 2. Property o Energy intensive (farming) o Soil (not infinite) o Leave land fallow (after you grow crop- 30[90,74:439J74Z anything) o Fertilization o Pay very close attn to soil (investment in time and energy) o Land=private property (not shared resource) o Once you invest a lot of time, work into land (you start to deny other people access) o Claim private ownership 3. Consequences o Population increases o People to become possessive about land o Every generation we have a lot of people who want own land o Not enough land to go around= social hierarchies o Some people can main9,L34Z3078KL541O,38420439J09,3 o Status differences (some people have guaranteed access to food some 5045O0439inequality, poverty o Organized warfare o Writing systems get invented o Account books for farming (how much taxes are getting charged on producers) o Human health status only surpassed the level attained by foragers o +0,O9KK,80.OL30,3K,839.420949K0O0;0O41K0,O9K41147,J078 until more recently o Contagious diseases came from domesticating animals o As we were living in close knits groups= spreading disease o = Low life expectancy o Epidemic diseases N Positives o Occupational specialization
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