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ANT347 Lecture 2.pdf

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Sharon Kelly

Presentation: London (England) + Istanbul (Turkey) Lecture 2 January-14-14 12:12 PM Reminders: - Jan 24 (fri) last day to hand in proposals - Proposals due next Tues - Download revised syllabus - suggested readings have changed - Readings on BB will be removed soon - download now! - March 4 - Singapore presentation - 2 textbooks available (one in short term loan, or online) Urban Anthropology - Some Thoughts on Methods - Article from 70s - Urban anthropology emerged from 60s for first time - Urbanization and anthropology changed a little bit - A lot of anthropology is taken in urban cities by defaulty - people continue to move into cities - Rural becoming urbanized - UN predicts 70% of the world population living in cities - Anthropological research in cities - Labor migration * important reason migration to cities - Participant observation, qualitative methods - Other types of social science methods - such as quantitative methods (surveys, questionaires, interviews..etc) - Fear that if anthropology had to incorporate other social science disciplines … they fear that they would lose the methodology that is specific to anthropology - City = domain of sociology for a long time - Anthropologists typically western / British / American tradition ○ Start to do research at home at this time ○ Domain of sociology for a long time ○ Tendency to study exotic and rural - Urban continuum was a big theme - how people adapt to life in the city, what is diff, what remains the same - Ideology beliefs, work, income, - Looking at process of urbanization - Typology (i.e Setha Low) of cities ○ 60s - 70s, anthropologists concerned with categorizing the city ○ Industrial city, administrative city ○ Things of more relevance at the time - Anthropologists bound their research topics Common Units of Analysis (Eames & Goode, 1977) ○ Units based on common residence (people living in a specific neighborhood / community) ○ Groups based on common culture of origin (people of same ethnicity/ cultural background) ○ Groups based on common belief systems (e.g. religion/ specific church, politics /political party..) ○ Groups based on common work (e.g. people working in the same labor / factory/ industry..etc) ○ Units based on primary relationships (e.g. share same kinship / social networks / relationship) - A lot of these still hold true today how we bound our research - Another trend: ○ Heavily influenced by Chicago School ○ Built on work by sociologists - Social relationships within the city, spatial relationships (how relationships are shaped and formed in the city) - 70s and 80s ○ People moved away from processes of urbanization and urban adaptation ○ Started looking at social phenomenas that may not necessarily be related to the city ○ Any context ○ The city = became a locus rather than a focus, anthropology IN the city rather than anthropology OF the city ○ Less focus on how theses people interacted and how they lived, it was more on narrowing, looking at the groups,
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