Vana lecture scicenc e bio diplomacy he did not make a lecture .
islam and religion was superseding now it’s science.
Rodney starks quote : Real scincec arose .
Scince is a coplex institution that consists of sub institutions . Its based in
fundamental axions of religion. Religion and scince are not easily separated
historicaly as separate. Scince would have been thought of as occult ( isca newton
did liberal proto)
Gobel Einstein bowed to hime; Gobel paper worte on the existence of god
Goes on throughout history
(Alchemy & chemistry) :
have titration developing
food salt is apart entire use of salt this comes from alchemy (industrial uses of
development of dies in premodern times was expensinve and dies were principle
commodity of trade
glass and ceramic ( costume jewllery fake gold, fake silver, military application
of alchemy(using slat peter and potasiium itrate what was cold weak fire (galeo
was founder of this)
chemical ilumenscence=globe sticks ( Alchemy did this ). Tranmusting of metasl and
bease metals ws by alchemy . He created a variety of knowledge . Was an enlightenment
alchemy became very popular in 16 cent. Rsie in neoplatinism (eveuntually discovery
of occult philosophy and ancient greek wrtings (plato, Plotheriou ,
Pythagerus( Mathematics, Music and ect, )
Medical reform movement (alchemy did this systematic precursors of obsevartions,
pattersn , explaining it ) Pre (scientific pre lab developed that)
Alchemy in industry took note, and money making things
People attributed causes to Supernatura and scince had to deal with that.
People guardians of chemical knowledge were monastics so it went from private th
monastery to royal princely court, to the medical instiutions, then it enters finalt (17 cent
to university systems)
neo platimism ( rediscovering of hermes the thrice great , modern history hermes was a
legendary figure he was author hermetics, law, music, writing, cosmogstphy, st
mathematics, medicine, books on eyes , body , women from 1 cent ce to 1 bce ( Greek
to Egyptian represented by the god hermes. They were both gods of writing and learning .
Hermes is in ISalm. Hermeic was a cult to (to do (check secret group wpuld discover
intellectual things) MArsilio Ficino(14431499) Patron of the Greco Roman revival and was Patron of
Leonardo davinvi and Lorentio De Medichi . Cosmic alchemy . Alchemy was the key to
good heat and good living was a form of control in controlling on’es best in life.
Emphasized cosmic alchemy wht happens above is reflected below if you know the stars
then you know what life will be like below(astrology). Word “consider” to consider is a
latin word of means to consider the starts president R. Reagan had a astrologer there
every morning to ask about the future .
idea if you perform something here it can have an affect over their (history of the occult
and the history of magic and science) discusses this occult philosophy ) Fichino was a
poligot transalted ancient greek , Arabic , hebreew into latin. He brough together
hermeticim and kabala and was widely versed in arab philosophy argued for stronger
aristotratism and argued within a Christina frame work which was a huge body of jewish
literature,. Which is one of the reasons why he was considered out there. They didn’t
have the freedom that the next set of people who live in Germany and and (some other
place). Could challenger for freedom was considered heretical forms of thought. He
fichino uses the kabala natural magic of the world to (combinging grouping s o f
elements) to chistianity ( was considered occult to christian ).
Agripus His works were scandalous and but were not challenger=ed becus he lived in the
time of the protestant reformation.
Paracelsus He was the figre that sepreates chemistry from alchemy was an extreme
iconoclast was burning books in the university of basil . This form od thinkigof
protoscince people will spend their lives on stake for this and theu believe d they were
apart of some sort of libratory struggle. He experimented with salt . Paris lach on to
Paracelsus work , they describe the scince of synthesis and diacritus. Putting compunds
together putting thisngs togeth and breaking them apath principles of chemistry.
Chemistry on ly become apart of university in 17 cent (check 0 because the doctors
(medicine ) thought it was important. This was all done because the christias thought it
was god works (high conviction)
international nature of scince , starks idea instituionala basis was the monastic
system embraced a multicultural social reality where people from different
cultuers were able to exchange their ideas of scince through greek and latin (til
this day latin has still a string input in terms of taxomnomy) .
(end of unit) .
Monk s ( alchemy ) who guarded this knowledge had to do it at night when no one was
looking becus was thought as heretical
Science the way you understand nature that you coukd use those methods of
research and those societys are natural .that idea is called positisim . French Henri
de saint Simon enlightenmenit ideas. A product of European enlightenment,
religion was taking over rationalism way to much. (had an influence on marx
becus he was a socialist and neo liberalism (check)
1. History is gven by the growth of scince
2. Natural scarcity (poverty can be solved by natural scince and philosophy
ethical and political links to progress aare routed in science Auguste Comte:
Sometimes thought of as fathero of sociology.
Wrote about evolution scheme stage of development in human thought. Metaphysixs
was proto scince and proto philosophy. Positive scince was opened to investingation
to scientific principles. Outlines one of the unilinearalral evolution theorines placing
sicence at the top (check )
married one of the formest courtesans f society perceived himself as one of the
industrialist bankers, her taught at the university of paris. Creates socilolgy as
apart of university departments in 19 cent.
All people indlunced by Durkheim are baised in comte functionalism is rooted in comte.
Sir James Fraser:
Ib Tylors students
wrotes 15 volumes (the Golden Bough) was largest compendium Study of ancient
cults, myths, and rites was able to translate in latin these cult practices)
(influence of sicne and religion (
science is rational investigation not will of gods ( this become pop culture) : its’
Magic to religion to Science
eg, which do you belive creationism or evolutionism (ask class)
UNderstanidng of magic scince and religion (ven diagram ) that concepts interact .
Boundaries are not clear cut or a neatly organized
What become included within magic science, religion have been changed culturally
overtime and , process of operationalizing the central concepts of the discipline)
.Marcell mouses of definition of magi.
Ven diagram ( adaptaion of Rodney starks work) what magic scinec,a dn religion or
involved with the conceren of control . there is a use for all of this .they promise a
worldly rewards even religion does.
“scince is a method organized efforts to study of nature). But always subject to change
through systematic observation. Arguments of scince are considered to be challengabel
changeables sometimes falsifiable. What is called supernatural refers to forces and
energies beyond the outside nature. They are not bound by the forces of nature they are
not bound by grvity. Informants are ( gods are supernatural beings havng consciousness
and desires) Genesis god made adam and eve becus he was lonely (religion animism god(
. U can do magic u can believe u interact with superna