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Lecture - Aids and Haiti (I+II)

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Leslie Jermyn

Lecture 3 & 4 Aids and Haiti 1. HAITIAN HISTORY IN BRIEF 13 of the Dominican Republic Speaks creole (kreyol) Spain was the first settlers and found people called Taino Spain held for 150 years Spain gave Haiti to France as a resolve of war where France converted the island to a sugar and coffee plantation economy and became very wealthy. Account for 40% of all French trade and about 60% of all of Europe Affranchis class established it as a merchant class, but majority of people were slaves Slaves then decided to get rid of the French 1804, the French were gone and Haitians established independence (independence was not negotiated, it was fought for) o It was now, for the first time, a black economy, not white o Was now a country where the slaves kicked out the masters, and neighbouring was the U.S which was practicing slavery 2. COLONIAL REPERCUSSIONS The Affranchis have now become the new elite, instead of the Europeans which have been kicked out France claimed that since Haiti had been their richest economy, they were owed something in return (reparations of 150 million French francs) o They said if they dont pay, they will declare war o Another part of the reparation was that they could ONLY take loans from French banks, that way they get all the interests as well o Why would Haiti agreed to this? Bc the US would back up the French, since they dont like the idea of slaves ruling a countryblacks ruling a country 1803, Haiti sold Louisiana to U.S for 60 million, therefore debt was reduced to 90 million Debt was paid off in 1947 These reparations really structured how the government would run things Must get foreign currency to repay loan o In order to do this, they have to continue to produce coffee & sugar o But they now do not have slaves to make them work Rural code established where rural people where not allowed to move, and had to farm. They were prohibited from socializing and moving after midnight (this was to prevent any rebellion organization against the Affranchis). Small scale commerce were also prohibited, they wanted farmers only income to be farming for exports and enough to feed themselves. Between 1804 and 1990, the government of Haiti built only 32 high schools across the entire country, and almost everyone were in a citytown. o The government was not using the services for the country, but only to repay the reparations
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