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11. ANT204H1 April 3.docx

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Saul Cohen

ANT204H1 April 3 Lecture 12 Conclusions and the Answer to Every Question You Ever Had About Anything A. Course Logistics B. Course Review and Case Study 2 Course Logistics Essay:  Conclusions versus thesis statement  Articles to reply upon  Citing relevant examples from course readings Exam Last Week: Complexity and Pattern in Gudigwa 1. Community = Sameness Sameness Disciplinary Agency  The idea of community, a community based conservation and development project, living within in this particular project was a cohesive community  Defining the sameness by grouping people into one group  Community based conservation so they could save wildlife and gain something in return  The problem is that community being the same is problematic  This is strategic, sounded like a step in the right direction, however by defining everyone as a community you could also discipline as a community  People within the community started acting out and the whole community was held accountable  Poaching as inherent nature.  Strategic disciplinary action in calling people a “community”  At the same time it gave people an element of agency. The ability to take community and use it to your own advantage. Everyone in Gudigwa knew they weren’t a community, however they knew that being a community held advantages.  The ability to take something imposed on you to your advantage  They were not dominated by this identity marker, and were able to use to further their own agenda 2. Diversity = Difference Historical Ethnic Political Gender, Age, Education, etc.  Inherent diversity in the Gudigwa village  Yet conservation history describes this community as completely the same, with the same levels of poverty and etc.  However, within the village there was great diversity.  Inherent differences; who gets to decide what is different  All villages have different historical trajectories. Divergent history. Translated through variety of circumstances  Community based projects do not look at internal division  One family on board, the rest of the village will be on board by seeing benefits  Using divisions within a community in order to create a community  As well as reinforcing divisions within a community to create a community based project  But diversity doesn’t discount similarity Lecture 2 AND 3  Me and the “other  The posiibilities and pitfals of social cultural anthropology  Anthropology does not have all the answer. We do not have a gods eye view of the world.  What we do have is an extended period of time in which we can start to see connections.  Certain things are the same over time or apparent over time  Human rights and racism, articles where anthro has “failed” to address this issue  We recognize racism, yet we realized that just cause it doesn’t exist, doesn’t mean it does not affect people  Other disciplines that do not critique themselves  Division between us and them is a part of a long history of domination  We talking about the stop sign, the meaning we ascribe to things is a cultural construction  We are conditioned and disciplined to accept certain meanings through discourses, media, education, etc  We have multiple meanings that are all right  Trying to find one true meaning because we need consistency and we don’t like confusion  Talk about the confusion, the multiple meanings appled to something that has immense potential as human rights  Agency Introducing the Gudigwa Case Study  Reason for the camp is this Lecture 4 and 5 Surely Nature is Natural Natural is Pristine Lecture 9 Saving Which Planet from Whom? Lecture 6 Reinventing the Primitive? Community that is dressing up and acting out in ways that are consistent with western stereotypical indigenous people CI embraces their lessons learned CI has altered its strategy to focus attention on the private sector. By focusing on the tourism value chain and assuming the role of the facilitator as apposed to that of participant, CI is attempting to utilize market forces and market players to address many of the challenges associated with tourism operations in areas of high biodiversity and poverty What does anthropology contribute to discussions of human rights and social justice Lecture 11  Conclusions and the Answer to Every Question You Ever Had About Anything  Outline o Course Logistics o Course Review and Case Study 2: Developing People and Nature in Gudigwa Village o Essay  Conclusions versus thesis statement  Articles to rely upon  Solutions  Note: The questions are guidelines, and you don’t have to answer every single thing in it directly  Academic Integrity Statement and Checklist o Exam o Participation o Office hours – TBA  Professor’s Research Summary o Last Week: Complexity and Pattern in Gudigwa  Community = Sameness  It was believed that community-based conservation would benefit everybody, including the people, who wouldn’t be kicked out unlike previous conservation programs  Describing everyone as a community on the false notion of sameness was a problem  This was very strategic o It meant they can be disciplined as a community  Discipline o Acts of a few poachers resulted in disciplinary action against the entire community  Agency o The community now had means to threaten to walk away from the project using the very same rules introduced to them by the conservation agencies o This allowed them to negotiate terms  Conservation International had plans to create a large, transnational, “superpark” spanning territories of Botswana, Namibia, Angola, and Zambia  For Conservation International, working with locals meant creating an image and influence for their large-scale goals  Diversity = Di
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