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Lecture 2

JAV131H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Henry Van De Velde, Villa Majorelle, Hector Guimard

Architecture Studies
Course Code
Hans Ibelings

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JAV131: Intro to Architecture Lecture 2
1895-1914 New Forms
Last part of the 19th century:
New materials: steel and reinforced concrete
New methods of production: industrial, mass production, standardization
New needs of changing societies: urban middle class
New buildings types:
Events become  historical facts
New Forms for a New Century
Art Nouveau (Jugendstil)
“National Styles”
The movement was in between arts and crafts (late 19th century) and Modern
Architecture (1920’s and onwards)
Complex movement which was decadent but also progressive, and struggle of forms
representing a struggle of worldviews
Produced the most exquisite and expensive objects
Took inspiration from both the East and the West (took inspiration from Japan but was
also European)
Art Nouveau in two divisions…
1. Urban, Cosmopolitan Style
Glasgow, Brussels, Paris, Vienna  urban setting for a new style
Ex. Charles Rennie Mackintosh – School of Art, Glasgow 1897-1909  interior was
destroyed in May 2014 in a fire
Gothic, Classicism, etc. were transformed and then reused in different, more simple
Victor Horta – Tassel House, Brussels 1895  interior had flowing, wave-like shapes 
Horta House, Brussels 1898-1900 – every detail in the interior is part of the totality of
the building  Solvay House, Brussels 1898-1900 – lava-like movements in the interior of
the house
Henry Van de Velde – Bloemenwerf House, Uccle, 1895  Dress, 1897; shows the ability
to design everything around us  Grand-Ducal Saxon School of Applied Arts, 1904-11;
this was the lowlight of his career where he struggled to make a comeback; moving
away from Nouveau style
Hector Guimard – Castel Beranger, Paris 1898; not as recognized as Art Nouveau, but
still has similarities to it  Metro entrances, Paris 1900-1912  was completely forgotten
after 1920’s and barely made a commission; died almost forgotten
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