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#L13 The New Turn.docx

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The New Turn: Caravaggio and Artemisia Gentileschi Lisen December-03-12 6:09 PM 1. Abeginning of a new phase 2. Michelangelo Merisi better known as Caravaggio. Boy with a basket of fruit, 1593, rome, Borghese gallery o Caravaggio • Avery unknown village o 1592-1593 • Caravaggio decided to move to rome  Because it was the artistic center  Have more opportunities and patronage • Worked in a workshop  Began to form this type of art • Not religious or mythological art, a new genre of art o Either: looking in the mirror or models • Both way  Anew strategy, artistic • To copy and imitate the truth and what is in front of him o Two zones: light zone and dark zone o Earliest painting on this subject 3. Caravaggio, boy bitten by a lizard 1594, florence o Still life • Not fruit, vase with water and flower  Beautiful reflection of the room o Erotic quality • Red lips • Arched eyebrows • White flower within a volumous hair o Relatively new style of art 4. Caravaggio, bacchus o Crown of leaves-> makes it bacchus o Bacchus-> offering a glass of wine to the viewer o Not quite a dress, just simply covering up a bit o Still life-> fruits o They also show the power of painting and art to engage with the viewer 5. Caravaggio, cardsharps o Invented a new genre of subject • Nor a religious nor a mythological painting  Something new • Taking the subject of carplayers • One of them are a trick • There other two are fully absorbed citizen o Beauty is in the colour o Light zone vs. dark zone • Caravaggio created by painting the models in his studio  Some say he was getting people of the street as models • New practice in 17th c. Rome 6. Caravaggiom musicians o Several boys that have been dressed up and made up o Pleasure of the art and the music of the sounds 7. Comparison between Musicians and Bachus o Bacchus • One model • Artist is either copying himself or a model o Musicians • Several models • No narrative  The subject-> is what ever is displayed in front of us • Literally on display for us as viewers 8. Caravaggio, calling of st. matthew o Patron: matthew contarelli o Contarelli chapel, san luigi dei francesi o First PUBLIC work of art, before all for private o The story • St. matthew  Saint patron of the chapel • Chapel to honor the saint patron o Decided not to work of fresco which was the norm • He made a oil on canvas painting o Christ is entering this room, and is extending his arm and finger calling on Matthew • The light does not come from the window or the original window of the chapel  The light to emphasize the Jesus gesture; light of truth o For a long time people thought Matthew was the man in the middle • He was wearing good clothing and counting money  Pointing gesture-> Me?  Scholars suggest that it isn't him • The man is repeating the gesture of Christ • The person who still counting the money, absorbed with it • Just the moment before-> this is the scene  Moment before the revelation o Christ is in the darkness, • Feet curved on the other side of the face and the gesture  Another sign Christ just came • The light preceded him and illuminated the scene • Amovement • Meaning the experience as the viewer when something is just about to happen 9. Caravaggio, martyrdom of st. matthew o Moment of conversion of St. Matthew • The end of his life was the martyrdom  The very moment in the painting o There is an altar and cross • St. Matthew was said to be stabbed in the back while doing mass o Matthew tires to fight back but the executioner has already got him • Executioner is holding a knife o Element of temporality o He is dying, blood seen • Young boy is terrified • Acruel scene o In the back, there is a self-portrait of himself leaving o Comparison of Martyrdom and ______ • Abeginning and the end • Both have the play between the light and darkness • Both have the role of light 10. Caravaggio, Inspiration of St Matthew Version 2 and Inspiration fo St. Matthew Version 1 o Version 1 • Saint with his crossed legs and barefoot • The angel is pushing him to the right of the bible  Almost as St. Matthew of illiterate  Almost depicting him as an idiot • So why this painting was rejected • Hence we have two subjets o Version 2 • To combat the critiques with the first version  Responded by giving a totally different composition • Saint is turned on the other side • His legs are covered • Angel above  As if he is giving insipiration to St. Matthew • He has his head turned upwards as if he just realized something 11.Caravaggio, the conversion of st, paul o Patron: Tiberio Cerasi for church of Santa Maria del Popolo o Two versions of this • This is the second version o Key subject in Christianity o St. paul was converted along the road • He was on his horse, and then suddenly cries appear to him and follow him  We don't see the presence of christ-> he is sublimated into the light • St. paul-> open arms-> reproducing the movement that christ made at crucifixition o Painting-> conversion has no happened yet o Horse • Seems to know what is going on, raises his leg as if he knows st. paul is on the ground o Biblical subject • Rendered caravaggio in his own studio with models o Scene looks like it was taking place in a room o No drawings by cavaraggio • Totally eliminated this process  Idealizing the subject etc. • Just prepare the canvas and give the shape of the subject and immeditely
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