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Lecture 28 Practice Problems.docx

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Lecture 28 Practice Problems 1. What was natural Theology? a) The study of fossil records and determining how species lived in the past b) The study of living organisms and their interaction with the environment c) The study of living organisms and how they have changed since their creation d) The classification of living organisms 2. What were the main goals of early European and geek philosophers? a) To categorize organisms for the “glory of God” b) To enhance the medical field and provide better health systems c) To study organisms in their natural environment d) a and c e) all of the above 3. How did early scientists realize that nature changes? a) The world distribution of organisms varies widely b) There were similar morphologies between organisms even when they were different anatomically c) Studied vestigial structures d) All of the above 4. What is Stratification? a) Having different fossils in different layers of sedimentary rocks b) Study of ancient organisms c) Theory of fossil formation by a catastrophic historical event d) Documenting fossil ages 5. What did Jean- Baptiste Lamarck hypothesize? a) Theory that natural selection was the cause of adaptation b) Theory that species went under the principle of use and disuse, leading to inheritance c) Theory of species passed their genes on to the next generation d) Theory that only competitive species were able to survive and weaker traits went extinct 6. Based on Jean- Baptiste Lamarck’s theory, what did it contribute to evolutionary thought? a) Species change over time and pass on these changes b) Organisms respond to the environment c) Larger populations have a more variety of traits d) Two of the above 7. Who helped spark Darwin’s interest in the concept of “time” a) Henslow b) Lamarck c) Sedgwick d) Fitzroy 8. Where did Darwin’s journey on the HMS Beagle take him and for how long? a) India, a few months b) The Galapagos islands, 5 years c) South America, 5 years d) North America, few months e) 2 of the above 9. What was the significance of Darwin’s findings on th
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