bce = before common era: also, bc = before christ, counts backwards (i. e. persian wars: 490 480 bce) ce = common era: also, ad = anno domini = the year of our lord, counts forwards (i. e. reign of tiberius: 14 37 ce) The name of the century is always one higher than the actual date in both bce and ce: for example: rome was founded in 753 bce in the 8th century bce. There is no year zero it goes from 1bce to 1 ce (ii) greek civilization (ca. Mediterranean: easy trading between colonies, egypt, phoenicia, etc (iii) minoan civilization. 1700 1450 (note: fl. , means flourished in ) minoans are not greek; lived on crete. 1899: sir arthur evans discovered a palace structure at knossos: named the people of crete, minoans because of king minos and his son, the minotaur.