Lecture 9 - Roman Civilization

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Published on 26 Jul 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Professor
CLA160 Lecture 9JULY25/2011
Roman Civilization (ca. 4000 BCE 337 CE)
-3 periods: Kings, Republic, and Empire
Geography
- Mountains called the Apennines
The Alps in the north, create a barrier between the Italian peninsula and the rest of the
world
This results in Italy’s limited contact with others via land
Only a few places were liveable; most of these areas have rivers in them
-Western coast attracts people
3 liveable places:
(1)Etruria has the Arno River
(2)Latium has the Tiber and Liris Rivers
(3)Campania has the Volturnus River
-Climate more moderate and comfortable in the west than the extreme of the east (think:
Vancouver climate)
-Lots of harbours in the West
-Italy surrounded by seas:
(1)Tyrrhenian Sea
(2)Adriatic Sea
(3)Ionian Sea
(4)Sicilian Sea
-Seas makes it easy for people to travel
They have easy access to the Mediterranean Sea
In the beginning, the people didnt have access to travel routes of Syrians,
Babylonians, and others, because the west coast of Italy was difficult to get to using
the route between Sicily and Italy, and it takes a while to get to if going around Sicily
-Sea, mountains and rivers influenced the way they developed and interact with the outside
world
-2000 BCE: Italian Bronze Age
-900 BCE: Italian Iron Age
Contact with Others
-Phoenicians
Greeks borrowed their alphabets
Known for their trade
800 BCE: arrived at the Italian Peninsula (end of the Dark Ages in Greece)
Set up trading posts: Cumae, Naples, and Pithecusa
In Pithecusa, first writings were found inside pottery
-Greeks
Located in what is known as Magna Graecia culturally Greek
Tarentum is a center for manufacturing and was largely populated by Spartans
Thurii also called Sybaris-Thurii; Sybaris means excessive luxury populated by
Athenians who were thought to have lived in luxury
Syracuse populated by Corinthians
-Gauls/Celts
From the area of France
Settled around the Po River Valley (called the Cis-Alpine Gaul) , as well as on the other
side of the Alps known as the Trans-Alpine Gaul
-Etruscans
Settled north of what is Rome
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

3 liveable places: (1)etruria has the arno river (2)latium has the tiber and liris rivers (3)campania has the volturnus river. Climate more moderate and comfortable in the west than the extreme of the east (think: Italy surrounded by seas: (1) (2) (3) (4) Seas makes it easy for people to travel: they have easy access to the mediterranean sea. In the beginning, the people didn"t have access to travel routes of syrians, Babylonians, and others, because the west coast of italy was difficult to get to using the route between sicily and italy, and it takes a while to get to if going around sicily. Sea, mountains and rivers influenced the way they developed and interact with the outside world. Phoenicians: greeks borrowed their alphabets, known for their trade, set up trading posts: cumae, naples, and pithecusa. In pithecusa, first writings were found inside pottery. 800 bce: arrived at the italian peninsula (end of the dark ages in greece)