CLAA05 – Lecture 4 – Mesopotamian Creation Myths & The Flood
Babylonian version of Atrahasis originated at about 1700BC (Old Babylonian text)
Atrahasis (Akkadian) is the man who built the boat. He is also known as Ziusudra
(Sumerian), Ut-Napishtim (Gilgamesh), Noah (Palestine) and Odysseus (Greece)
Atrahasis (dalley text)
At first God had to work.
The Gods divided
Anu (atum) Sky
Elil (Ilu) earth
Enki (Ea) sea/Apsu
The Gods that worked became tired and complained.
They surrounded Elil’s house
Anu & Enki visited Elil and found out what had happened
Enki agreed that the Gods had too much work
Enki decided that he would use Belet-ili’s (Nintu/Mami) womb to create
primeval man to bare the workload of the gods.
Enki required for one god to be slaughtered so that the god’s blood could be
mixed with clay to form man.
Ilawela (intelligence god) was sacrificed
This is similar to Greek myths
With Hades, Poseidon and Zeus
Babylonian version of atrahasis originated at about 1700bc (old babylonian text) Atrahasis (akkadian) is the man who built the boat. He is also known as ziusudra (sumerian), ut-napishtim (gilgamesh), noah (palestine) and odysseus (greece) http://www. bibliotecapleyades. net/serpents_dragons/boulay03e_a. htm. The gods that worked became tired and complained. Anu & enki visited elil and found out what had happened. Enki agreed that the gods had too much work. Enki decided that he would use belet-ili"s (nintu/mami) womb to create primeval man to bare the workload of the gods. Enki required for one god to be slaughtered so that the god"s blood could be mixed with clay to form man. 7 males and 7 females she told them the rules and set the timeline (life/pregnancy) Belet-ili mixed the blood with clay and pinched off 14 pieces. Many years passed by and mankind became too populated. The gods grew angry because they were so noisy. Elil decided to wipe out mankind with a flood.