CLAA05 - Lecture 2.docx

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26 Jun 2013
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CLAA05 Lecture 2 History, Geography and Myth
In ancient times people wondered who caused something to happen, not why
or how.
People wrote about what they knew and experienced.
Myths and religion were intertwined into stories
Egypt
From the
Mediterranean 2nd
cataract)
Consists of 3 parts
Lower
Middle
Upper
Egypt has 2 “types” of
land
Kmt fertile black Nile
floodplain soil
Dsrt Red lands
(desert)
The Nile flows south to
north
Seasons
Inundation (Aug-Nov)
Nile rises
Winter (Dec-March)
Plowing planting
Summer (April-July)
Harvest and grain
processing
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CLAA05 Lecture 2 History, Geography and Myth
Great Pyramids 2500 BC
Cleopatra VII 50 BC
Today 2000AD
Period
Date
Events
Predynastic
Period
5300 3100 BC
2200 years
Evolution of independent city-states
surrounded by satellite villages
Each had their own important deity
Well-organized cemeteries
Early Dynastic
Period
3100 2686 BC
414 years
Hieorglyphic writing is invented (bureaucracy)
God horus rises to power
Mud brick tombs
King Narmer unites Egypt
Old Kingdom
2686 2181 BC
505 years
Pyramid age
Sun god Re is the principle state god
Semi-divine kings
Pyramid texts
First
Intermediate
Period
2182 2055 BC
127 years
No centralized monarchy
Different areas ruled by different people
No conventional texts
Middle Kingdom
2055 1650 BC
405 years
Egypt reunited & centralized monarch restored
Worrior God Montu becomes important
Pyramid building continue
Fictional stories are recorded & coffin texts
Second
Intermediate
Period
1650 1550 BC
100 years
Division and decentralization
North is ruled by Canaanite kings
South is ruled by native kings
New Kingdom
1550 1069 BC
481 years
Golden age
Age of empire
Unification
Amen-Re of thebes ruled as king of gods
Daily life accounts of tomb builders were
recorded and funerary text on walls as well as
on papyrus scrolls (book of the dead)
Third
intermediate
Period
1069 715 BC
354 years
Division
Valley of kings is abandoned and unsafe
Late Period
715 332 BC
383 years
Dynasties 25 31
Many take over and rule for a short time
Ptolemaic
period
332 50 BC
282 years
Alexander the Great conquers Egypt
Egyptian/Greek hybrid gods are worshipped
Roman Period
30 BC 395 AD
425 years
Dead of Cleopatra VII
Egypt becomes a personal estate of Roman
emperor Augustus
Dynastic Egypt ends
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