CLA160H1 Lecture Notes - Praetorian Guard, Tiberius Gemellus, Cerebral Palsy

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10 Nov 2012
School
Department
Course
Lec 14
The Julio- Claudians
The Flavians
1st century CE
1st 2 dynasties of emporors and civil war
Break lecture in 2 parts
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Augustus
Laws of adultery that only applied to women not men
Exiled who? His own daughters?
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Imperial system= power will be inherited
Praetorian guards become very powerful
Were like bodyguards
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Augustus
Lived so long (till he was 72?)
Successors would die before him
Finally got to his stepson
Family tree
Dictator Julius Caesar
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Tiberius
Was very low on the list for the succession
Breastplate decorated with mythological scenes
The centerpiece is interprete as scene of roman commander seizing a standard from
the Partheans (whom Rome never conquered)
Tiberius in centre of Augustus<s breastplate, seizing sth from the Pantehans
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He was a skilled general
In 12BC he married Augustus<s granddaughter (Julia)
A political marriage
Tiberius had probably arranged his death
This is what his wife thinks
Goes on a campaign accusing having killed her husband
Wife killed
All children of Germanicus Drusus murdered but one
The one who survived became king, was Caligula
Was suspicious about plots against him
Paranoid
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Made lots of enemies eg by killing Drusus family
Held orgies
Lived lavishly
Built a huge palace for himself
Villa of Jupiter
(Villa Iovis, Capri)
This was very offensive for many Italians
When he dies in 37 most Romans were happy
He was connected with oppressive rule
During his reign he brought in Caligula to live in the villa with him
Because Caligulas whole family was murdered
Caligi= name for military soldiers sandal
He was called little sandal
His name was actually Gaius
Was hope that he would
People thought he would reinstitute a good government, and not the oppressive ways
of Tiberius
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Document Summary

1st 2 dynasties of emporors and civil war. Laws of adultery that only applied to women not men. Was very low on the list for the succession. The centerpiece is interprete as scene of roman commander seizing a standard from the partheans (whom rome never conquered) Tiberius in centre of augustus

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