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Lecture 2

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CLA204 Lecture 2 May 18
Historical context
x What precedes the age of Hesiod
x 1st age that we start seeing mythical activity/literal is early and middle bronze
x The Minoans in Crete are named after king Minos who was the king in Crete
x They were a power-centered civilization
x Arrangement of the rooms represents a labyrinth (a maze)
x áï
x ïáá
x 2nd age - Late Bronze Age (Troy) with Mycenaeans, their king was
x They were war-like people
x They wrote in Linear B
x 3rd age - Dark Age maybe got invaded, maybe by Hercules
x But in Euboea (island) there was no dark age.
x There were traders called Phoenicians
x P. were a Semite people, they were sailors
x Maybe it was them who brought P. writing from Egypt to Euboea (Cuniform)
x This developed into the greek alphabet, and then it spread from Greece to
rome and elsewhere
x ïbic. You had a letter for a
sound. It opened up huge possibilities for writing
x 4th age Archaic Age the polis emerged, government, democracy,
citizenship, big move forward for modernity, emergence of literature (Homer
was first)
x Sympotic culture symposium was created. All aristocratic men of a polis
would come to these parties, drink wine, enjoy company of young boys and
x Herodotus tells us that Homer and Hesiod gave the greeks their gods
x They are foundational texts for the study of áï
of the ancient world
x Lived around 700BC
x First poet with a social context
x Writes to his brother because his brothers screwed him out of his inheritance
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