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Lecture

Chapter 2

2 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA204H1
Professor
Claesson Welsh

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Sep 17, 2010
Theories of Mythology Ctd.
-School of thought of mythology come from anthropologists (ie Levi-Strauss)
-Structuralism
oAny field (lang, myth; any human produced system) is a complex system of interrelated
elements, visible elements which belong to a deep underlying structure
oMeaning does not exist in any single element but in underlying structure
-Claude Levi-Strauss: Human thought and society as a constant
oHuman mind uses dualities
Raw/cooked, life/death, hot/cold, hunter/hunted
oHumans attempt to bridge the divide b/w binary opposites; and myth is one of the ways
-Structuralists ignore historical importance; value of contemp changes
oAnother problem: no one has proven that the binary way of thought is universal
oOnly works best for preliterate societies
oCan bring out underlying things that might be overlooked otherwise
-Vladimir Propp: Russian Formalism
oBefore Levi-Strauss; 1910s to 1930s
oTry to separate study of literature from related disciplines (ie psych)
oFind pure literary scholarship
oFound that Russian folktales had 31 constant functions in a fixed sequence; patterns
always happen
Going away; 14. hero gets a magical agent; 30, 31, hero gets punished, marries
princess, gets the throne
Can be helpful to break down somewhat Greek myths and hero sagas, but certain
patters occur across diff myths
- “myth is a traditional tale w/ secondary, partial reference to something of collective importance
Walter Burkert
oTwo components: original tale, then historical development (historical dimension, w/
several stages of development)
oExplains why a myth is diff in Archaic Greece, 5th C Athens, Rome
oHistorical context of myth cant be ignored
- Myth, women, sexuality: ideologies or contextual theories
oIdeological theories grow out of the theories already discussed, especially structuralism
oMakes us ask: what do myths mean in terms of cultural issues ie sex, gender dynamics,
social class, citizenship, economic hierarchies, etc
oThe myths purpose in terms of cultural and ideological work
-Contextual theories: Mary Lefkowitz
oArgument: not to read present values/biases/modern tendencies into past societies
oMartin Bernal Black Athena: Greek civ had to do with not European, but African
Lefkowitz argues decisively against this theory; no evidence for such argument
oApproach contextually by putting aside modern perspective (looking through the eyes of the
ppl)
oValue of such approach is they recognize the variety inherent in mythology, and no single
universally applicable approach
-Classical myth: a story that, through classical form has attained immortality b/c its inherent
archetypal beauty, profundity, power have inspired rewarding renewal and transformation by
successive generations (26)
oMyth based on its beauty and affect on others (so only if ppl find it beautiful and profound)
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Sep 17, 2010 Theories of Mythology Ctd. - School of thought of mythology come from anthropologists (ie Levi-Strauss) - Structuralism o Any field (lang, myth; any human produced system) is a complex system of interrelated elements, visible elements which belong to a deep underlying structure o Meaning does not exist in any single element but in underlying structure - Claude Levi-Strauss: Human thought and society as a constant o Human mind uses dualities Rawcooked, lifedeath, hotcold, hunterhunted o Humans attempt to bridge the divide bw binary opposites; and myth is one of the ways - Structuralists ignore historical importance; value of contemp changes o Another problem: no one has proven that the binary way of thought is universal o Only works best for preliterate societies o Can bring out underlying things that might be overlooked otherwise - Vladimir Propp: Russian Formalism o Before Levi-Strauss; 1910s to 1930s o Try to separate study of literature from related disciplines (ie psych) o Find pure literary scholarship o Found that Russian folktales had 31 constant functions in a fixed sequence; patterns always happen Going away; 14. hero gets a magical agent; 30, 31, hero gets punished, marries princess, gets the throne Can be helpful to break down somewhat Greek myths and hero sagas, but certain patters occur across diff myths - myth is a tradition
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