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Lecture

Hesiod - Works and Days

2 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA232H1
Professor
Victoria Wohl

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02.28.11
Women as Other
-Alterity based on gender deeply rooted in society
-Masculinity and Femininity - mutually defining terms
-Sex in the context of Male and Femaleanatomical differences
oPhysis = mutual differences
oRelatively unimportant ~ What’s important is the significance given by our society
-Society takes in these physiological aspects / differences and adds in these characteristics
-Gender – social facts that revolve around Male and Female
oNomos = cultural significance / conventions that define one as Male or Female
oE.g., manly, demure, proud, caring, etc.
-Bouvoir:One is not born a woman, one becomes a woman.”
oFully a woman once you take in attributes of female gender
-To the Greeks, Gender is a difference and hierarchy
-One extant female Greek author – Sappho
Hesiod's Works and Days
-Woman artificial, created by gods – her creation says something about Man
-Man has always been there, never created
-Woman = affliction
-Woman tied in with sacrifice and fire – both benevolent and evil, needed for survival and what
sets us apart from gods
oElements of male nomos, what men need to stay alive
oRepresent tricky and mistrustful relation b/w Gods and Man
-Women allow procreation – good? No.
oBlamed for the fact that they HAVE to procreate (the cause of problem = mortality)
-Demeter and Eleusis myth
oMother denies immortality to son by snatching him from (divine) fire
-Meleager and Athena myth
oLog that signifies boy’s life kept by mother only to burn it later for revenge
-Women’s fault that we must procreate and we must die (they control one’s mortality)
-Genos gunaikon – race of women (from Pandora)
oFemales a separate race from Males
-By making women separate, they are then different not only in nomos but also in physis
oE.g., different in customs, laws and also in genetics
-Women subordinate, limited freedoms socially, economically and politically
oEconomically and legally always a minor
oCan't attend court and can't be named in court
oCan own limited property like jewels and clothing but not land
oStay indoors, uneducated
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Description
02.28.11 Women as Other - Alterity based on gender deeply rooted in society - Masculinity and Femininity - mutually defining terms - Sex in the context of Male and Female anatomical differences o Physis = mutual differences o Relatively unimportant ~ Whats important is the significance given by our society - Society takes in these physiological aspects differences and adds in these characteristics - Gender social facts that revolve around Male and Female o Nomos = cultural significance conventions that define one as Male or Female o E.g., manly, demure, proud, caring, etc. - Bouvoir: One is not born a woman, one becomes a woman. o Fully a woman once you take in attributes of female gender - To the Greeks, Gender is a difference and hierarchy - One extant female Greek author Sappho Hesiods Works and Days - Woman artificial, created by gods her creation says something about Man - Man has always been there, never created - Woman = affliction - Woman tied in with sacrifice and fire both benevolent and evil, needed for survival and what sets us apart from gods
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