CLA233H1 Lecture Notes - Haruspex, Pontifex Maximus, Augur

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13 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
CLA233H1- Lecture March 27, 2012
Polytheists
Roman religion is highly traditional
One feature of Roman religion- repetition of formuli- say what your supposed
to say exactly right even if you don’t understand it
Something bad happens and you look back and wonder whyit must be
because someone did something wrong- an error in rites
The rituals prescribed were not handed down with original myth or
explanation permanently attached to them myth and explanation do not
necessarily go hand in hand
Differs In each century
In early roman religion supposedly no representation of the gods
Early religion described as the pure roman religion
Example or Roman religion and how a roman can talk about itcollects
tidbits of Rome’s pastthe priest and priestess of Jupiterodd and archaic-
citing older research about this
Don’t know what it means anymore someone would have to research it
Do the stories correspond to the actually history is a different question
Collection of oddities that have connected themselves to the Dialis
Complicated to be the priest- observe the traditions
Remissions and changes- people talk about whether the flaman really has to
do all that stuff
Make it hard to be both the priest and apart of politics
Highly traditional- but things do change no one says they changed there
has to be some kind of story to explain the change
Dialis sounds like he must be important there is no flaman Dialis in earlier
periods
Young Julius Cesar was named Flaman Dialis
Augustus reinstates the office
Do you need a flaman Dialis?--> the other priests just started doing things
without one
Flexibility or Roman mind- the right of war Marcus in Livy throwing the
spear before a war at the other end of the earth
They fight a lot in their history do they always do this? No not to the other
side of the world
Designate a patch near a temple and do their rite there and then go off to war
Don’t let religion stop them from going to war- find a way around it- improve
Improvisationseducing the enemies god to your side by promising a
temple
They ask Juno if she wanted to go to Rome, she nods her head or someone
says she nods her head so they take her to Rome
Parts of religion that seem to be all about improvisation civiline books
Don’t know what to do next so you need these old oracles to tell you
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