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CLA233H1 (160)
Lecture

Livy Book 1

5 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA233H1
Professor
Erik Gunderson

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CLA233: Week 1: Lecture 2
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Who was a Roman Citizen?
• Originally: Farmers, shepherds, and craftsmen on the banks of the Tiber
• People who immigrated to the city.
• Members of colonies established in Italy and abroad
• Members of foreign communities to whom citizenship was granted.
• Soldiers who had served for 25 years.
• After 212 AD: basically everyone in the empire.
-‘citizenship’ more so a legal title than something held by birth or bloodline
What doesRome mean?
• Early: a central Italian city with a special from of government: a senatorial oligarchy
• Later: the seat of a military monarchy and a vast and expanding empire.
• Also:
• A military power with military interests
• A colonial power
• An economic power
The ages of Roman history
• Early: from the settlement to the foundation of the republic (Second millenium BCE to
500 BCE)
• The Republican period: 500 BCE - 30 BC
• The age of emperors: 30 BCE - 476CE
The early period subdivided
• The iron age (900-700 BCE)
• The orientalizing (i.e.eastern”) period (700-580 BCE)
• The Archaic period (580-480 BCE)
The Republican period
• Early (500-287BCE): in 287 BCE legislation passed by the commoners becomes
binding on the elites as well. “Two cities in one before then.
-patricians not necessarily bound by same laws as plebians, two sets of laws
• Classical (287-133BCE): relatively stable and expansive.
-lots of war and expansion
-considered ‘golden age of Rome, lots of heroes
-morally uncomplicated era to them, not necessarily the case that it was actually morally
uncomplicated, just perceived to be
• Revolutionary (133-30BCE): a series of social and political crises.
-relatively bloody, blood in the public space
www.notesolution.com
-rise of imperial period, aristocrats replaced by imperial Monarchy
LIVY’S STORY OF EARLY ROME (Book One)
-not the only one, lots of other people of written histories (i.e. Aeneas, Dionysius of
Halicarnassus)
-Livy writing roughly around 30 BCE and into the Common Era (CE)
-most of the story of Early Rome is based on legend rather than a recounting of facts
-themes more important than precise recounting of events
Livy:
-born in the provinces, like most Roman historians was not actually born in Rome
-first prominent historian who was not politically active, usually historians were
prominent politicians
-writing in 29 BCE
-wrote 142 books total, all of Roman history ending in his own lifetime
-historical basis in early novels is slim but themes are HUGELY important
-each book works in narrative arcs: beginning, middle, end
-stories about great individuals and abstract forces (voracity, piety)
Preface:
-people more interested in ‘sick’ contemporary Rome than in the ‘golden age’ of heroes
in early Rome; he’s going back before the sickness
-more of a poet than what we traditionally think of as a historian, focus was not on truth
and falsehood
-connection between knowledge and power; power makes knowledge; Romans in power,
Roman perspective
-focus on character and morality; life and morals; history of moral decay as opposed to
history of events?
-events in Livy’s history are examples that illustrate themes, emphasis is on the themes
-moral/ethical truth= higher truth
Aeneas vs. Latinus
-Aeneas and Antenor escaped massacre at Troy; Antenor sailed into furthest part of
Adriatic accompanied by some Enetians; Aeneas became a wanderer with an army of
Trojans who began to plunder neighbourhoods; came to territory of Aborigines and their
king Latinus, Aborigines took up arms to defend their city
-two versions of how the story unfolded:
1. –the two fought, Latinus defeated in battle, made peace and a family alliance with
Aeneas
www.notesolution.com

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Description
CLA233: Week 1: Lecture 2 BACKGROUND INFORMATION Who was a Roman Citizen? Originally: Farmers, shepherds, and craftsmen on the banks of the Tiber People who immigrated to the city. Members of colonies established in Italy and abroad Members of foreign communities to whom citizenship was granted. Soldiers who had served for 25 years. After 212 AD: basically everyone in the empire. -citizenship more so a legal title than something held by birth or bloodline What does Rome mean? Early: a central Italian city with a special from of government: a senatorial oligarchy Later: the seat of a military monarchy and a vast and expanding empire. Also: A military power with military interests A colonial power An economic power The ages of Roman history Early: from the settlement to the foundation of the republic (Second millenium BCE to 500 BCE) The Republican period: 500 BCE - 30 BC The age of emperors: 30 BCE - 476CE The early period subdivided The iron age (900-700 BCE) The orientalizing (i.e. eastern) period (700-580 BCE) The Archaic period (580-480 BCE) The Republican period Early (500-287BCE): in 287 BCE legislation passed by the commoners becomes binding on the elites as well. Two cities in one before then. -patricians not necessarily bound by same laws as plebians, two sets of laws Classical (287-133BCE): relatively stable and expansive. -lots of war and expansion -considered golden age of Rome, lots of heroes -morally uncomplicated era to them, not necessarily the case that it was actually morally uncomplicated, just perceived to be Revolutionary (133-30BCE): a series of social and political crises. -relatively bloody, blood in the public space www.notesolution.com
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