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Lecture

CLA160 LECTURE 2

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Professor
Johnathon Burgess
Semester
Winter

Description
CLA160 Lecture #2 – Mesopotamia  Civilization o Social structure – Public places, property, non-nomadic o Crafts – Tools, scribes, etc. o Communication – shared/common language, literacy o Government – politics, organizations, type of gov., religion, law o Class structure – crafts, gov., social levels, finance o Technology – architecture, weapons, metal, ships, etc o Military o City-state – empires  The big picture o Hominids o Homo sapiens – last 100,000 years o Paleolithic – “old stone” (age) o Neolithic – “new stone” (age) th  Agricultural revolution ca. 9k BC (9 millennia) o E.g. Jericho, Stonehenge, Catalhuyuk in textbook. o Chronology  BP=before present;  Ancient methods; eg. Greek Olympiads, roman consuls, “Julian” calendar  CF=Conferre “bring together, compare”  CA=Circa “around”;  C.=Century  Terms: o City-State o Mesopotamia: Middle river place st rd o Sumer, Sumerian – 1 , dominant in 3 millennium BC. o Akkad, Akkadian – 2 , dominant in 2 Millennium BC. tried to preserve the Sumerian civilization, incorporated it into life. o Semitic, Indo-European, Sea peoples  Mesopotamia o City-states, empire o Monarchy, but shared power systems o Polytheistic, anthropomorphic religion (many gods; similar to greek) o Literature: cf. Gilgamesh Epic, Homeric epics o W
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