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Lecture 10

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Regina Hoeschele

CLA204H1 – Lecture 10 Tuesday, March 20, 2012 Topics: O VID’SM ETAMORPHOSES II Ovid, Metamorphoses 6-7 Second Pentad – realm of Gods to realm of Hereos How does is connect a one continuous song?  Athena leads into the Book 6, Minerva asks about the magpies  Contests of the arts Arachne Will turn into a spider, after considering herself better than the goddess  Motif with the first half of book 6 (someone being better)  Arachne vs. Minerva  Description of art: the way she creates a tapestry is described to the creation of the cosmos in Book I  Threads are reminiscent of the creation of earth, reminder last week how the creator of the universe is an artist  Uses a slender spindle and fine thread (referenced to polished and refined) Calimachean – everything small vs. Homeric epic  Tradition of Calimachean writing: someone refined in her art  Their art is very different; Minerva is classical, symmetrical (contest of Minerva and Poseidon) in the middle, and the corners of how women stupidly challenge the gods. Olive branches ironically represents peace – fixity  Arachne – erotic liaisons of gods and their transformation; complete chaos. Small poetry  Remember song of Pierides – gods turning into animals out of fear  A bit stupid to do this representation, because they appear ridiculous  Aligned with the story of the muses In the case of Minerva, every god is easily identified with his or her attribute. Work of Minerva is ordered, epic poetry in the manner of Virgil and Homer Scholarly observation: Moment of transition of predominately divine to predominantly human Punished into a spider, and condemned to weave for the rest of her life Death of Niobe’s children Did not learn from Arachne’s mistakes, challenges Apollo and Diana. Niobe doesn’t think Leto doesn’t need to be challenged, Niobe gives birth to 14 children. Word usually to characterize is hybris (to do something that does not become you)  Apollo and Diana punish her; 7 boys are dead but when girls die when she thinks she still had remainder of children  Regrets her hybris and turns into stone Not the only punishment to human Transition story – first narrator from Lycia, Lycian peasants, then Marsyas Latona and the Lycian peasants  Going around town with her twins  No land was willing to let her give birth due to Juno’s rage  Even after giving birth, she is still not welcome; wanders around and is thirsty asks permission for water.  Peasants will jump into water and make dirty after refusing  Pure water vs muddy water  Nasty nasty creatures  Turns peasants into frogs because of their noise  Photo of fountain in Versailles, France; representation of transformation into frogs o Quamvis sint sub aqua, sub aqua maledicere temptant o Even though they’re underwater, they still try to insult Marsyas Minerva invents flute, but notices when she plays looks really ugly He finds flute and challenges Apollo  Apollo declared winner, and Marsyas’ skin is torn apart  Statue of what looks as if he’s hanging from a tree  Gruesome description  “Why tear me from myself?” When reading Homer, there are gruesome scenes, Ovid takes it to another level and makes it so cruel that it’s funny Pelops Back to story of Niobe, who deserved her fate. Only person to relate is Pelops, her brother (father Tantalos), punished for tricking the gods by cutting son into tiny pieces and served him to the gods, but the shoulder was missing. Demeter who was distressed after the loss of her daughter, accidently eats should. Son has ivory shoulder. Transition into human world Tereus, Procne and Philomela Story told most frequently outside of Metamorphoses Thracian King, Norther
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