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CLA204H1F Lecture 3

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Jarrett Welsh

CLA204H1F L3, Sept 27, 2012 Poseidon tore giant rock of Kos island & became volcanic island of Nisyros o Gives tangible reality to delirious idea Stories about giants often stories about natural world Based on the knife, doesnt look like a simple fight o Representing the giant as a foreign human warrior must be significant o Weapon maybe = key o Artist retold story as btwn Poseidon & foreign warriors / barbarians / enemy So now a story about Greek Superiority Dif pt than usual Painted btwn 475-470BC o 4 century AD = beginning of Classical Period, marking end of Persian Wars o So at aftermath of major cultural event o So possibly old story used to tell Greek defeat of Persians (foreigners) Topics: Poseidon and deities of sea o Poseidon and Athena often connected in greek myths thru city of athens Athena and city of Athens Aphrodite and love o Aphrodite and Artemis = polar opposites so connected Artemis and purity The Ocean and the Sea Homeric view of the world Close connection btwn sea (mediteranean) and land Sea sits above/in disk of land River of ocean encircling whole plane of earth Odd paradox: waters & land closely connected but fundamentally very dif o Sea not part of disk of earth What does this image convey? Left: Poseidon trident o Resistance, Difs, Parculiarities of divinities of sea dif o Looking normal for an important god than those of land & sky o Prob of interaction btwn land and sea o Rock on his left arm Right: looks mostly human, dressed like warrior (spear in left hand, shield), shin guard on his knee A Little Geneology Oceanus & Tethys Oceanids (including Doris) o Just over the curve above his head = large curved sword Often characteristic of foreigners (non-greeks), not Gaia Pontus Nereus like us Nereus + Doris Nereids Thetis & Amphitrite Giant: Polybotes One battle of Gigantomachy Thetis o Giants imprisoned beneath volcanoes, source of bad winds (ex. Winter) o Ideas of conflict: civilization vs. savagery, divine order vs. wildness, raw power of nature o Minor story but shows up often Didnt want to marry characteristic of maidens of sea Peleus bent over sideways, wrapped around her waist trying to abduct her to marry her Far upper right corner see dolphin, so know we see Thetis o Out of her left arm Lion-headed fish thing trying to eat thetis arm trying to change shape o So changes shape easily characteristic of deities of sea, odd, not land or sky Nereus, Triton, or Proteus? RF Plate Thetis with dolphins Circle of Euphronios (Oltos or Euthymides?) Ca. 510500 BC Boston, Museum of Fine Arts 00.335 Many tried to marry her Looks modest, fairly muscular maiden, striding forward & carrying dolphins Consistent habit of showing up at edges of stories Tonight: most important for her ability to change shape RF Neck Amphora Triton or Nereus or Proteus The Berlin Painter Ca. 480 BC Cambridge, Harvard Art Museum 1927.150 Old man of the sea Vaguely human, all have power to change shape Triton: Son of Amphitrite& Poseidon prob on the vase sea deity half sea serpent, half man Idea of difference not human but not purely monster o Hybridity occupy magical space btwn man & beast thru shapeshifting BF Lekythos Peleus and Thetis RF kylix Unattributed Ca. 490480 BC Banquet of the Gods London, British Museum 1904,0708.5 The Codrus Painter Trustees of the British Museum Ca. 430 BC Zeus stayed away from her once he knew her son could London, British Museum E82 overthrow him (Achilles hero of Trojan war) Trustees of the British Museum Zeus leaning w cup, Hera beside him Left: Poseidon w trident, w Amphitrite In the greek Pantheon: Amphitrite thought of Poseidons consort, mother of his children, parallel to Hera or Zeus, nags him o ~ underwater hera Didnt want to marry, kept running from Poseidon until gave in, went to live in Golden palace under sea Very little independent mythology of her own, like Hera Poseidon Look like humans trident (3-pronged fork), not originally a thunderbolt Supporter of the earth, but also: Shaker of earth and of the barren sea o Sea cataclysms o Earthquakes o (destructive powers) Tamer of horses Poseidon being controller or nature o Domestication? Horses = most powerful force that Greeks had tamed & domesticated Representing taming of nature Fragments of a RF vase o Springs? Scylla and dolphins Connection w horses creatures that created & consume springs of water, unsure of causes of The Black Fury Group connection btwn horses & water Ca. 375350 BC Malibu, Getty Museum 86.AE.417 Origins? Poseidon had many affairs, Amphitrite unhappy o Likely wasnt originally a sky god but originally connected w Earth One affair w human maiden Scylla o Amphitrite thru magical herb into Scyllas bathing pool o
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