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Lecture 7

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA219H1
Professor
Regina Höschele
Semester
Fall

Description
CLA219: Women inAntiquity Texts 88, 90, 267 88. A husband’s dense. Athens, c. 400 BC (Lysias, On the Murder of Eratos- thenes 6-33, 47-50. Tr. K. Freeman. G) • Euphiletus murders his wife’s lover Eratosthenes • He speaks in his own defense • When first he married he did not wish to ‘annoy’his wife but kept her under close watch • When she bore him a child he came to trust her, as this was to him the greatest sign of affection • In the beginning she was the best of women - clever, economical, and exact in her management of everything • When his mother died his troubles began • Is this blaming his mother? • At funeral his wife met Eratosthenes • One of the few occasions women could leave the house • Went to her maid with the suggestion of an affair • The maid is aways an intermediary • He explains his house: • Men’s space on lower floor, women’s on upper • But when they had a child he moved the women’s downstairs as he did not want her to run risk of going downstairs (injury? You frail, frail woman) • When he came home unexpectedly and the child was crying it was actually the maid who was pinching the babe and the man Eratosthenes in the house • He told his wife to go and feed the child but at first she refused, pretending to be glad to see him back after his long absence • He grew annoyed and insisted she see to the baby • She then accuses of him of lusting after the maid, trying to get her away so he can have sex with her • She ‘jokingly’locked his door behind him and went to go ‘feed the baby’ • In the morning he saw she had makeup on, despite the recent passing of her brother • No appropriate, she should be in mourning • Some time later he was approached by an old woman, apparently sent by a previous mistress of Eratosthenes who was scorned She says to interrogate his wife’s maid, and that the man is a common enemy • • Apparently it’s his ‘profession’to seduce married women • Ahabit? • He then reflected on the happenings mentioned above and was filled with suspicion Told the servant to accompany him to the market but really he took her to a friends house • where he confronted her • Gives her two choices: a harsh life of misery or a pardon if she confesses • After her confession he sees to it that no one else knows of this • Asks her to initiate another meeting so he can catch them in the act as a visual will speak loud- er to him • When his maid tells him that Eratosthenes it here he slips out and goes to mens houses, collect- ed a mob • When caught Eratosthenes pleas for his wife, asking to be fined instead CLA219: Women inAntiquity Texts 88, 90, 267 • Euphiletus says “It is not I who shall be killing ow, but the law of the state, which you, in trans- gressing, have valued less highly than your own pleasure” • His crimes go against decent behavior • Euphiletus is absolving himself of murder • According to Solon, an adulterer may be put to death by the man who catches him • He would not accept a fine as he preferred to accord a ‘higher authority’to the law of the state • Solon was strongly convinced of the justice of murder of an adulterer • This law applies to married women and concubines 90. The past activities of a courtesan. Athens, 4th cent. BC (Apollodorus (=‘Demosthenes’), Against Neaera, 59. 18-42, 45-60, 72-3, 78-9, 85-7, 110- 14, 122. Tr. K. Freeman. G) Case brought against Neaera when she was in her 70’s by her ex pimp-lover Stephanus • • One of 7 little girls bought from Nicarete who had an eye for beauty and who understood the art of rearing and training girls early on • Nicarete called the girls her daughters, in order to exact a higher fee • On of the girls, Metaneira bought by the man Lysias was initiated and figured it as a gift for the girl • Lodged the girls, Metaneira and Nicarete with a friend, out of respect for his wife and mother • They were accompanied with Neaera who was already working as a prostitute though she was not yet at the proper age • On a later occasion Simos brought Neaera to the Great Panathenaic Festival accompanied by Nicarete and they were put up in the house of Ctesippus • She dank and dined in the presence of a large company as a courtesan would do • After that she worked openly at Corinth as a prostitute and became famous • After which she acquired two new lovers, Timanoridas of Corinth and Excretes of Leucas, who found the Nicarete’s charges excessive, as she expected them to pay all the daily expenses of her household • And so they bought her outright from her mistress • When it came time for them to be married they did not wish her to go back to her former life and gave her money towards her freedom so she could reap some benefit from her trade, except for the 20 minas remaining, which they told her to repay to them • Neaera on hearing this proposition sent messages to a number of former lovers, asking them to come to corinth. • Among these was Phrynion who when she told him of the proposition offered to her, and hand- ed him the money she had collected from her other lovers as a contribution towards the purchase of her freedom, together with her own savings, asked him to make up the amount to 20 minas and pay I to Eucrates and Timanoridas so that she could be free • He did so on the condition she would not work in Corinth • When they arrived in Athens he kept her and they lived int he most dissolute and reckless way • Took her to dinner with him where there was drinking! • Went on after-dinner excursions! • Made love to her openly, anywhere and everywhere to excite jealousy in onlookers! CLA219: Women inAntiquity Texts 88, 90, 267 • On one of the excursions she went to house of Chabrias where many men made love to her, in- cluding servants! • Finding herself treated to brutally by Phrynion instead of how she wished she packed up the goods in his house including all the gifts to her and took with her two servants, and ran away to Megara • Stephanus visited her in Megara • He put her up in a house and became her lover • She confided in him, especially that she longed to live inAthens but was afraid of Phrynion, who was furious with her • Made Stephanus her protector and he said he would take her as his wife and would introduce the sons she already had as his own which would make them citizens • He (Stephanus) would make money of her profession, as he had none of his own and his only income came from blackmail • When Phrynion heard she was living inAthens he took with him some men and went to the house to get her • Stephanus asserted her freedom and Phrygian then summoned her before the Polemarch, under surety • She now exacted a larger fee for her ‘transactions’as she was now a married woman and had a certain position to keep up • Stephanus would blackmail the lover and lock him up as an adulterer and exact a feee • Phrynion began his lawsuit against Stephanus on the grounds that he had robbed him of Neaera and made a free woman of her and that Stephanus had received the stolen goods of Phyrnion which Neaera had taken with her when she fled The settlement was this: she would remain free and have her gifts from Phrynion, but that she • must spent equal time with both men, and that they should all be friends • Her daughter, Phano, was given in marriage and passed off as a citizen • Her husband Phrastor observed that she expected an extravagant living style and that she was not willing nor obedient as a good wife should be • He found out that he was deceived by her parents into thinking she was truly a citizen when she was not the daughter of Stephanus • He then returned Phano even though she was pregnant, and refused to return dowry • Stephanus began suit of alimony against him as he did not pay back dowry • Phrastor then brought an indictment against Stephanus regarding his passing off as Phano as his daughter • The punishment for this was a revoking of citizen status, confiscation of property • Realizing this he came to terms with Phrastor and they both withdrew • Phrastor later grew ill and, not having a good relationship with his family and himself being childless, allowed himself to seduced by Neaera and Phano • He adopted Phano’s child in order to prevent his relatives from getting his p
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