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CLA230 L01.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Dimitri Nakassis

CLA230H1S Lecture 01 1/7/2013 8:01:00 AM - Herodotus and Thucydides are the two main Historians - prehistoric periods are periods where we don’t have historic documentation - we may have archeological information about prehistoric periods but no documentation - 776 BC marks the beginning of the Archaic period and was the first Olympic games* - chronological divisions tend to be divided into threes - Stone, Bronze, and Iron ages are divided by technological advances - Stone and Bronze ages are prehistoric - These major ages are divided further into threes again - Early Iron ages are considered Dark Ages, not well understood historically or archeologically** - Doric invasion and Ionian migration are legends about the Dark Ages, but was documented in later ages* - Classical period on Greek History is the zenith of Greek History, kind of like the most importantly period in their History - Hellenistic period is thought as the decline of the Classical period more than a period itself - Arthur Evans applied the division of Bronze age - Neoloithic period is where we begin to see agriculture and domestication of animals - Stone age is the first known appearance of Humans **know approx. dates of bronze and iron ages*** - Greek world spans all of Mediterranean, and in the rule of Alexander, the reach of India - Marsallia, now Marseille, was a Greek colony** - Alexandria, Egypt, was a Greek settlement even in more recent years - Grecia Magnia is Southern Italy (Sicily) Herodotus - the father of History – inventor of genre of historic writing in Western world  Persian wars, but wasn’t active historian during the wars, as he was in early childhood - ISTORIA (historie) – is an inquiry (research) in Greek language - Herodotus is from the city of Halicarnassus - Hellene is someone with a Greek identity - Greece was not a unified state, they were related by language and common customs and culture, and even sharing the same blood - Barbarians are defined as a NON-GREEKS - the purpose of Herodotus’ work was that “things done by man not to be forgotten in time” – fight the natural decay of human memory - he focuses on human activity, great deeds, and particularly on aristocratic and military male activities during the Persian Wars - Not only on Greek activity, also on Barbarian activity – also talks about Persian customs - Herodotus said that Egyptian calendar was better than Greek, and made connection that Egyptians are credited for inventing the gods - he focuses on causality (how and why?) – discusses what would happen if something happen differently???** - primarily Oral History, asks people and records their answers - Halicarnassus is now in Modern Turkey, but Herodotus
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