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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 Beginnings of Empire in the East/Roman Family

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Glenn Wilkinson

Lecture 8 (September 27) Beginnings of Empire (In the East) 1. Roman-controlled Territory in Illyria (from 229 B.C.) 2. First Macedonian War (215-205 B.C.) 3. Second Macedonian War (200-196 B.C.) 4. Rome in Greece and Asia Minor, 196-146 B.C. Roman Family 1. Marriage 2. Children (terms: patria potestas, pater familias, pedagogue) 3. Domus (pan of a typical Roman house) Roman Expansion in the East - late 3 century B.C. up to the early 2 nd century B.C. - between the first two Punic Wars, Rome began to expend eastward – territory on the edge of Illyria, which caught the attention of the Greeks - around the second Punic War – 216 B.C. – Philip V of Macedonia began to interfere with Roman affairs - ship carrying signed treaty between Hannibal and Philip V – could possible change everything - discovery of ship sparked the first Macedonian War that ran from 215-205 B.C. - in 215 B.C. – state of Rome was that of major loss – lost major battles to Hannibal, skirmishes on Spanish coast, and major loss of life – stretched thin - made a treaty with Aetolian League – major enemy of Macedonia – encouraged Aetolians to fight Macedonians - success for several years, but in 207 B.C. Philip V launched an invasion to Aetolia – Aetolians forced to surrender - full-scale war not possible for Rome – peace settlement between Macedon and Rome - first war accomplished primary goal – prevent Macedon from providing assistance to Carthage - by this time, Romans were well on way to victory in second Punic War - second Macedonian War – began with a conflict with the city of Athens in 201 B.C. - in 201 B.C. – Pergamum in conflict as well – Pergamum and Athens petitioned to Rome for help - year had passed after costly second Punic War – sent army to western Macedon in 200 B.C. - virtually all free Greeks supported Rome in the conflict - year 196 B.C. – Rome had an easy victory over Philip V – did not remove him from power but forced him to stay out of Greece proper and forced him to pay a large indemnity to Rome - at the Isthmian Games (held by the city of Corinth) in 196 B.C. – Rome declared the cities of Greece to be free from Macedonians and not required to pay Rome fees – however, only free to do what Rome wanted - by this time – Rome had inserted itself in Greece and Asia Minor with surprising ease Rome, Greece, and Asia Minor - no avoiding Roman dominance - year 192 B.C. – old Hellenistic kingdom – Seleucid Kingdom in centralized in Syria/Antioch – attempt to make a move on Greece - perhaps thought that there was a power vacuum that they could fit – Rome drove them out in 191 B.C. and then drove them within the borders of their own kingdom in 189 B.C. - the other Scipio was the one to do this – Asiaticus - eastern sources – Rome recouping from second Punic War - in 168 B.C. – so-called third Macedonian War – end of the line of kings and divided the kingdom into four separate kingdoms and confiscated the sources of revenue (gold mines, and all tax revenues) - acquisition of wealth was so great that Roman taxes were suspended for some time - also in 168 B.C. – Rome attacked the cities of Greece for perceived violations – killed/enslaved large numbers people, and took 1000 hostages from the leading Greek families - fourth and final key moment – 20 years later –confederate Greek cities refused the demands of Rome – destruction of Corinth - city of Corinth – one of the largest and most prominent of Greek cities at the time – about 50 years after the claim that Greek cities were free, obliterated Corinth in 146 B.C. - within the same year, obliterated both Corinth and Carthage – 146 B.C. - early on – Rome made sure not to appear imperialist – Rome was invited
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