Class Notes (834,049)
Canada (508,296)
Classics (1,697)
CLA231H1 (126)
Lecture 17

Lecture 17: Octavian and the Second Triumvirate

3 Pages
112 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classics
Course
CLA231H1
Professor
Glenn Wilkinson
Semester
Fall

Description
Octavian and the Second Triumvirate Caesar’s will and the Rise of Octavian  Caesar’s death unleashed 15 years of civil turmoil  Lepidus o Caesar’s closest associates were the populares o One of his associates was Lepidus, Caesar had named him master of the horse – magister equitum, effectively his deputy in dictatorship o Lepidus, after Caesar’s death, took Caesar’s position of pontifex maximus  Mark Antony (Co-consul with Caesar in 44 BCE) o Caesar’s right-hand man, Mark Antony was co-consul during Caesar’s death o Antony seemed the most likely to take Caesar’s position but faced opposition immediately o Caesar wrote his will before his death  Gave land and money to the people  Gave gifts to officials, even his assassins  Adopted his great grandnephew Octavian as his heir and son o The will and its contents were of great annoyance to Antony o Octavian was to execute Caesar’s will with the popularity attached to it  Octavian o Octavian’s mother was Caesar’s niece o Octavian at 17 served in Spain under Caesar o At 18, Octavian went to Rome following Caesar’s death, unaware of the contents of Caesar’s will o People advised Octavian not to take up the position as Caesar’s heir but he did so nonetheless, showing his ambition Conflict Between Mark Antony and Octavian (44-43 BCE)  Antony’s Annoyance and his Siege of Mutina o Antony refused to release Caesar’s property to Octavian and Octavian had sold all of his property, making Antony look petty o Octavian was popular with the military and raise his own personal army o Octavian was also popular with the senators while Antony was disliked for being Caesar’s right-hand man o In 44, Antony decided to leave Rome on a campaign but the governor of Gaul refused him imperium o Antony then began to besiege the governor at Mutina o This painted Antony as a revolutionary  Cicero’s Philippics o Cicero’s Philippics were speeches that attacked Antony and praised Octavian o What Cicero wanted most was to get rid of Antony and use Octavian and restore the republic o Cicero succeeded and the senate the declared Antony a public enemy and gave Octavian imperium  Octavian and the Two Consuls attack Antony at Mutina o Octavian and two consuls of that year attacked Antony at Mutina and Antony was defeated but Antony fled and escaped o During the battle the two consuls died and Octavian wanted to fill the position of consul o The senate refused but Octavian
More Less

Related notes for CLA231H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit