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Lecture 2

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA233H1
Professor
Michael J.Dewar
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 2: Education January 10 , 2013  Education - Produced and directed towards males - But some women are reading as well but the majority are obviously men - Taught how to be Roman male and behave like one i) Character dominates rather than duties  How to be good (ie a good warrior) (a) Imagination and myth  Mucius Scaevola - No concrete evidence that he existed - Farce story yet moral  hoe to be courageous and a good warrior - At the time, 7 kings  all believe not to have existed  magical - Later kings probably did exist Kings of Rome (753 BC – 509 BC) Name King From King Until Romulus 753 BC 716 BC REX ROMVLVS Numa Pompilius 715 BC 674 BC REX NVMA POMPILIVS 673 BC 642 BC Tullus Hostilius REX TVLLVS HOSTILIVS Ancus Marcius 641 BC 617 BC REX ANCVS MARCIVS Lucius Tarquinius Priscus 616 BC 579 BC REX LVCIVS TARQVINIVS PRISCVS Servius Tullius 578 BC 535 BC REX SERVIVS TVLLIVS Lucius Tarquinius Superbus 534 BC 509 BC REX LVCIVS TARQVINIVS SVPERBVS i) Romulus  good fighet /warrior  Successor: Numa Pompilius  religious; devoted to justice and piety  Successor: Servius Tullius  son of a servant (a) Both are Etruscan  Lucius Tarquinius Superbus  last king (a) Lings  turned to tyrants (b) Rape of Lucretia (c) 510 BC  drove out the kings, establishment of the Republic (d) Tarquinius and army fight with Republic 2 yrs later to reinstate monarchy  failed (i) Romanism  something special (ii) Lars Persena  Etruscan - He is a descendent of Tarquinius Superbus - Name means mucus i) Sort of an ambiguous character - Every roman wants to be famous and talked about - Livy  projecting what MS might have felt at the time (Historical fiction) i) Assumes that reader knows military operations  Punishment to deserting military position = death ii) Senate  made up of aristocratic fathers (paterfamilias) = all elders iii) Tension: individual heroism, seeking revenge, community as a whole - Soldiers  paid in kind not money (ie cattle, food, shelter etc) i) MS  arrives on pay day  King --. Wants make sure no one gets paid more than once, has a scribe beside him  keeps record of how much given to each soldier  King Lars  not a snob; dressed up normally (Etruscans  known for lavish life style) (a) Soldiers talked to the scribe more rather than the king (and since the king wasn’t wearing lavishly, this elades to controversy MS doesn’t know which one is the kings, ends up killing the scribe instead (b) MS: courageous yet a bit sillu, (i) Romans like stories like these  see him as a fearsome person (c) MS  didn’t get what he wanted but he did! He didn’t kill the king but gained heroism and courage that he wanted  yet he did it by sneaky methods (i) This noble yet silly - We don’t know how accurate this is  how much livy makes up or nit but it ultimately doesn’t matter  important for cultural understanding: i) Romans admire courage  Admire not the failure of MS but the ability to salvage the situation to his advantage  How to admire foreigners as well (a) Lars  not a snob, down to earth (i) Unlike Tarquinius = a tyrant R1: Advice of Cato the Censor to his son Marcus Porcius Cato (243-149 BC ) came from the town of Tusculum, near Rome, and rose to hold in turn all the important magistracies of the Roman Republic, including those of consul and censor. He was famous not least for his devotion to traditional Roman virtues (the mos maiorum, or ‘custom of the ancestors), which for him entailed unbending hatred of Rome’s great rival Carthage and a deep suspicion of what he saw as the unmanly excesses of Greek culture. A fragment of one of his writings, the Praecepta ad filium (‘Advice to his son’), is preserved by the first-century author Pliny the Elder (Natural History 29. 14): I shall speak about those Greek fellows in their proper place, son Marcus, and point out the result of my enquiries at Athens, and convince you what benefit comes from dipping into their literature, but not making a close study of it. They are a quite worthless people, and an intractable one, and you
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