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CLA364H1F – Hellenistic World (Lecture 1).docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Gillian Ramsey

CLA364H1F – Hellenistic World (Lecture 1) 9/9/2013 9:55:00 AM Professor – Gillian Ramsey (Specializing in Hellenistic Political History – Seleucid Empire) Critical Review (5 pages including bibliography) - Find journal article that has to do with some aspect of Alexander the great’s career, personality, legacy etc that we find interesting  Ex. Alexander and his interactions with Persia - Send prof bibliographical information about the chosen article by next Monday th (September 16 ) Presentation Response - We’ll be chosen as the official responder for one of our classmates presentations - Supposed to help our classmates understand the key parts of the presentation - Then pose a couple questions to the class Lecture 1 (Alexander Part 1) - Lots of questions regarding whether he established an empire – either way he had a profound influence on Greek history - Hellenism ideas  Greekness  Greek culture  Greek kingdoms  Shift from Polis to Monarchy  Period where Greeks dominated the known world - Alexander the Great ideas  Conquest of the Persian Empire  Son of Phillip the Great – continuation of his ideas  Never satisfied Alexander the Great & the Hellenistic Period - 1. Origins of the term ‘Hellenistic’ - Johann Gustav Droysen (1808-1884)  - Attended University of Berlin, 1810  - Growing nationalism in Prusha  - During his life he witnessed the Napoleonic invasions and how his country dealt with it  - He was poor, but attended the gymnasium at young age so was able to go to university – most of his classmates were rich (sons of noblemen)  - University of Berlin was one of the first modern universities in the 19 century – intended to be a place where faith didn’t gain you entry or exclude entry  Droysen influenced by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) o ‘Post-Kantian’ philosopher o Ontology – asks questions about our existence  He was trying to figure out where humanity was headed  For Hegel all historical figures contributed to ‘progress’ – teleology  Droysen influenced by August Bockhn (1785-1867) o Philology – should be about the culture who used the language – language contexualized  Droysen’s works: o 1832, 2 vol. Aeschylus’ tragedies o 1835-8, 3 vols. Aristophanes’ comedies o 1833, Geschichte Alexanders des Grosse o 1836-43, Geschichte des Hellenismus  It was believed that Greek civilization collapsed after the orator demoscles?  Droysen argued that a lot happened between the death of the orator and the roman period  Ger. Hellenismus o Bockh: Whole culture o Hegel: Progress of humanity o Later Droysen’s influence lead to W.W. Tarn 'brotherhood of man’ – Persian inheritance?  Civilization had achieved a new benchmark  Droysen’s teleology doesn’t really work with the evidence – lots of evidence for continuation of Persian culture 2. Etymology of ‘Hellenistic’  Hellenism = ism, abstract, conceptual o Expression of Greekness – we have this bc of the Greek words Droysen used to coin Hellism  Hellenismus = phase of civilization, concrete  Hellenes, desc. Of Hellen, s. of Deucalion (survivor of Great flood)  Hellenikos = adj. ‘Hellenic’  Hellenizo = vb. ‘to act like a Hellene’  Hellenistes = n. ‘someone who acts like a Hellene’  pl. Hellenistai = Jewish Hellenizers 3. Continuity vs. Change?  Esp. in 1990s – 2000s  Intercultural context = a 2-way street o
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