Foodways 1: sugar

4 Pages
148 Views

Department
Diaspora and Transnational Studies
Course Code
DTS200Y1
Professor
Kevin Lewis O' Neill

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
DTS200 Lecture #3 January 22, 2013 - What do you know about sugar? o In the reading sugar use to be known as a spice and a luxury, motive for slave trade, produced from sugar cane (not always the case), addictive, Foodways 1: sugar - How we can use food to understand diaspora, transnationalism - Food system components in large-scale agrarian societies o The food core-legume-fringe hypothesis  Core= One or more complex carbohydrates for calories- wheat, maize, barley, millet potatoes, yam, etc...  According to food scholars they have come understand that all food systems in the world, whether western African, Caribbean, are constructed around core, legume, and fringe.  They suggest every culture always has a basic core o Ex: Italians- pasta  Legume= accompanying legumes for protein- soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, black- eyed beans, groundnuts, etc. Meats and fish were used as a supplementary proteins when they would be found  Meat was typically eaten by the elite classes; therefore this model applies to the agricultural cultures. o Ex: agrarian societies  The poor would eat legumes throughout the year and then eat meat during Christmas.  Meat is reduced to a ritual function  Fringe= a fringe of flavours and enhancers. These are either nutritive and/or simply aid in the consumption of the large quantities of the core carbohydrates- animal protein, sugar, salt, mustard, miso, wine, soy sauce, teas, pickles and all manner of spices  The enhances are there to aid people in eating more carbohydrates as possible  This third system may seem to be the least important but it is actually the most important because the core cannot be consumed without the enhancer.  Once you think in terms of this hypothesis you can take it into many directions  Ex: famine- means they are not having enough core carbohydrates  The basic diets in agrarian societies were traditionally low in animal proteins, even though the upper classes were always likely to be consumers of meat  The theory has to be qualified for predominantly hunter-gatherer pastoral, or fishing societies.  When you enter any community you can tell the hierarchies within the communities in relation to who eats what.  Who eats legumes compared to who eats more meat.  In terms of food systems this core-legume-fringe hypothesis is the most common. - Food systems o Elements of a food system  Food, nutrition, health, agriculture and national or community development  Processes and infrastructure: growing, harvesting, transport, consumption and disposal  Bio fuel foot print added to the food: when the food is transported from far away.  Environmental dimensions of food systems  Political, social and economic contexts. o Types of food systems  Local food systems- ex: farmers markets  Fewer bio—fuel miles  Industrial food systems- ex: metro, Loblaw’s, MacDonald’s...  Ex: banana: not grown in canada its process to get here is huge  Slavery provided the grounds for this system  Alternative food systems- ex: organic foods; fair trade - Key scholarly debates concerning food systems o The food sector and its potential for regional economic development o How to include local processors and merchants in the supple chains linking farmers to consumers o 3. The impact of long distance trade on the links between sustainable agriculture, climate change and fossil fuels o 4. Food and the labor market: migrant labor, seasonal labor, labor trafficking o 5.the dependency of local food cultures on global networks o 6. Food security/ food and security o 7. Food systems and international trade o 8. Supermarkets and their purchasing strategies  Ex: tomato industry- dependent on seasonal labor which tends to be smuggled.  How do these supermarkets get there foods? Do they known how it is grown and by whom? - Colonialism and the industrial food system o The industrial food system was a direct off-shoot of empire and colonialism and depended on
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit