Trafficking in Persons: A Human Security Approach

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Diaspora and Transnational Studies
Kevin Lewis O' Neill

DTS200 Lecture #8 (GUEST) March 5 , 2013 Dr. Antonia Armin Trafficking in Persons: A Human Security Approach - Data on human trafficking o An estimate of $7-10 billion per year o UN.GIFT (2009) - global report on TIP (155 countries): sexual exploitation is by far the most commonly identified form of human trafficking (79%), followed by forced labour (18%) o 700,00-2 million people trafficking annually o 20-27 million people in some form of slavery o It is illicit hard to notice therefore the numbers are a large range. o Numbers not reliable, some of inflated to show the problem. - According to UN Convention against transnational organized crime (2000) o Operated under 3 protocols  Trafficking  Smuggling  Third is not important for use - Human trafficking o Un protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children o Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons... o 3 major elements  There as to be an act- a movement for an exploitation to be trafficking  Ex: recruitment, transportation  It as to be the means  The means  The purpose of trafficking exploitation o For children  The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of a child  Only prove exploitation and the transfer because we are dealing with children - Is consent irrelevant o Consent is always irrelevant even if we are talking about prostitution o Until consent doesn’t matter if she changes her mind in the end - Forms of human trafficking o Exploitation for prostitution o Sexual o Slavery... o Some experts tend to separate sexual and labour exploitation - Routs of human trafficking o It can occur internationally/transnationally or nationally/domestically o International  Country A  country B country C o Domestic  Country A  Point A  point B  Ex: Canada most is domestically. Sexual exploitation within which is harder to detect - Main actors in the cycle of trafficking o Recruiters: relatives, finances, labour agencies o Intermediaries: legal actors, lawyers, officials o Traffickers: large organized crime networks or small circuits of people o Text book example of trafficking is someone responding to an ad - Causes of human trafficking o Push factors  Circumstances in the h
More Less

Related notes for DTS200Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.