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Lecture

EAS100Y1 Lecture Notes - Gwangju Uprising, National Intelligence Service (South Korea), Sunshine Policy


Department
East Asian Studies
Course Code
EAS100Y1
Professor
Young Yoo

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EAS217 2010-10-28
YS Kim; House Arrest; Hunger Strike; The Reunification Democratic Party; Purification of the military;
labour and chaebul reforms; Real name financial transaction system; Kim Il-Sung (July 8th, 1994), Refusal
of Condolence; ^Little President_ Kim Hyun Chul; Jung Ju-yong, Hyundai Founder; Kim Ok Sun; Segaehwa
(globalization); Kukjaehwa (Internationalization); IMF; OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development); Market Globalization; Production globalization; Information globalization; Politico-
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1954: Kim YS elected for National Assembly *1980: Arrested by Chun *1983: Hunger Strike Æ 1992:
Presidential Candidate Æ 1993: Civil Government (before 1993, was military government) Æ 1994: July
15th (Kim Il-Sung died July 8th; Kim YS had a schedule planned to meet Kim Il-sung on the 15th)
Test: few components (term identification t no point forms, but in essay forms; filling out blanks t date,
year, place, etc.; true and false; one essay question t ÆX^ÁZ]ZZ<}v-Çou}ÇM_Æ
Course kit and lectures
¾ Yun Po Sun (2nd President after Syngman Rhee) Æ not elected by the popular vote but through
The House t Senate system (æU¿)
¾ Roh Tae Woo Æ the first president elected by popular vote
¾ Hunger Strike inside the Assembly building for about
¾ Kim formed his own political party in order to become a candidate Æ Reunification Democratic
Party
¾ Chaebul Æ typical Korean economic system
¾ Real name financial transaction system (h¸¿) Æ need to deposit your money in the banks
under your own name only
¾ Refusal of Condolence t YS Kim refused to send any form of condolence to Kim Il-Sung[s death
Æ brought huge disharmony between North and South Korea
¾ Kim Hyun Chul Æ Kim YS[s little son, deeply involved in politics
¾ Jung Ju-yong (Founder of Hyundai) and Kim Ok Sun (woman) Æ Presidential candidates
o Political atmosphere Æ allowed women to become a candidate
¾ Saegaehwa and kukjaehwa (globalization and internationalization)
¾ IMF = International Monetary Fund Æ under IMF situation
o IMF t an economic colonization
o Chief of IMF = President
¾ OECD = Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
¾ In Korean society, politics and economy are closely related (
½Á
jo)
¾ ^Incomplete democratization
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¾ Presidency 1993~1998
¾ Kim was born in Kyungsang Province, and graduated from Seoul National University in 1951
(Department of Philosophy)
o Father t fisherman
o 1951 Æ wartime period
o Spent short time in the army, but soon worked as the secretary of Premier before
entering the National Assembly in 1954 as the member of the ruling Liberal Party
(Syngman Rhee[s) t only 27 years old at the time
¾ Switched to opposition party and remained as a prominent politician until 1990
¾ Kim YS contributed an article in NY Times asking Carter administration to support Park Chung
Hee[s regime (Oct. 4th, 1979) Æ Park was assassinated in Oct 26th , 1979.
¾ Was put on house arrest and banned from political activity
¾ Went hunger strike for 23 days
¾ In 1987, set up own party and ran for presidential candidate against Roh Tae Woo and Kim Dae
Joong.
¾ Syngman Rhee and Park Chung Hee served more than two terms
o Kim YS Æ first civilian leader in 3 decades after Yun Po Sun
¾ International Competence Æ another target of government in globalization
¾ Kwangju Incident : Chun and Roh Æ prosecuted Æ put in prison
¾ Kim YS[s refusal to send condolence to North Æ hostility
¾ Kim Hyun Chul (^>]o President_) t 10 billion dollars for service.
o Hanbo Goup t Mr. Chung
Built Iron company in Dangjin
Did not have enough credit, etc.
But b/c of Kim Hyun Chul[s influence, he was able to receive money from banks.
¾ 1992 Presidential Politics: 1992, 7 candidates altogether
o Kim Dae Joong
o Jung Ju-yong (Korean version of Ross Perot)
PerotÆ use money to influence political surfaces
o Kim Ok Sun
Female candidate
o Marks the end of military government, but embarks the civilian government
¾ Kim YS t favourable campaign Æ promised nice things (won[t retaliate political opponents, but
create clean politics
o Course package Æ p.51 (~]P(µov_)
o Following tasks
1) how to deal with military
2) how to maintain the Democratic momentum of reforms
x Collapse of Kim Il-sung
x North Korea Æ
¾ Globalization and Internationalization
o Government took sweeping measures for deregulations, etc.
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