Tokagawa ieyasu reunified japan there is peace in japan, lack of conflict. After 1600, there is settlement and allow the changes for what hanely speaks of. Daiymo would pledge loyalty to him, was allowed to maintain certain territories under there control (was trusted in many ways) Daimyo had to travel to tokyo and had to live in the same castle for certain period. Tokawaga choose edo (a fishing village) to be the centre of power of times. Had to pay large taxes to the tokagawa family. Build castle, were elaborate so that the money went into taxes, which stop the building of military. Portuguese were not allowed (because of the issue of missionaries) only chinese, Consider to be the literate class, daimyo would go to the samurai and have them collect taxes for them because the samurai were literate -> became tax collectors.