Iliad y written 2000 years ago y layers of story-telling (writing type) y y text. Its started off as an oral poem (meant to be recited and heard) 8th century bce homer s iliad was referenced to. the text was very unstable (multiple versions) 200 bce j the text was finally stabilized j what work was by who? j divide the text up into the books (meaning they are not original or from the author; altered text) the oldest copy we have is only about 1000 years old (st. marks in. they are the product of generations of processing y homer. who knows whether he existed or not. iiving in the region where troy was. calling it a chronical assumes that you know the story and the history behind it. iliad gives you a narrow cross-section (barely any back story) y takes place over ten years (troy) y.