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ENG220Y1 Lecture Notes - Epizeuxis, Tidus, Psychomachia

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Elizabeth Harvey

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The Rape of Lucrece – Lecture 4 Notes
- Lines 92-112
-from whose perspective are we hearing the poem from?
-plaiting/braiding also a word used to describe an individual’s character during this
time period
-in the first of these Stanza’s
First Stanza
Which, having all, all could not satisfy:
-very good representation of Tarquin’s lust
-pay attention to the word all -> this is a rhetorical figure
-one of the sources of the intricate power of language in poem
-this rhetorical figure is called epizeuxis -> simply the repetition of word and gives
the poem an augmentation
-word taken from site Silva Rhetoricae
-with the repetition of all -> only to modify the meaning with its opposite
-projects what we see in the structure of the poem
-uses the rhetorical figure pollexis as well (foreshadowing)
Second Stanza
--this stanza is a face-face confrontation
-juxtaposition between eyes and ears
Third Stanza
-the theme of chivalry and patriarchy is also brought up
Lines 120-133
-in the poem, we get an extended description of what happened
-copiousness -> opening and extending the margins of a story or a narrative
-this is done through a journey through Tarquin’s mind as he fights with himself
-this is how Shakespeare modified the story
-this journey through his mind is known as Psychomachia
-Second Stanza
-this is a sustained example of Feminine rhyme: final unstressed syllable rhymes
-Shakespeare uses this to break affect
-each of this words is made up with a present participle: Durative action
-this is not a finite action -> extends itself into time
-unresolved psychomachia within the mind -> durative and not going away
-in the Renassiance: masculinity -> marshal valour was one of the powerful
-Feminity-> to be emotional and soft, and consumed with desire, passive and
-it was thought that men who spent too much time thinking about sex became
feminine -> enslaved by desire
-in these stanzas, Tarquin becomes portrayed as weak and feminine
Lines 155-68
-animal imagery is used in these stanzas and also runs through poem (Lamb
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-there is also a connection between the characters in the poem and the world they
live in
-as if the world is reacting to this act -> world gains animicity (animate)
Lines 169-82
-tarquin being tossed between desire and dread -> the use of the cloak is important
-in the second stanza -> in the last line, Tarquin is trying to get himself aroused for
this moment
-in the beginning of the poem, we already hear references to the “fire”, in this
stanza, sparks are made in reference to the sword -> represented as “phallic
-word for vagina -> “sheath” (latin translation)
-Apostrophe -> a rhetorical figure, direct reference to something inanimate of
-in this case, the address is to the torch
-Tarquin uses these inanimate objects to help him with his act
-Anaphora-> rhetorical device the repetition of the same word in subsequent lines
-> the word “O” is continually repeated
-golden coat, herald, cipher, posterity -> in last stanza are connected
-ciphers are symbolic figures or letters, can also be a code
-cipher is a sign for the female genitalia (the 0, or the not)
-“O”-> is a sound or letter to watch for because it could mean vagina
Lines 300-315
-Taquin’s opening of doors is representative of the space between Tarquin and
Lucrece’s will which he is forcing open
-the rape itself had been transposed into an architectural metaphor
-long tradition of representing the body as a house
-refers also to the genealogical lineage that is represented by the “house”
-eg. The House of York, the House of the Montigues, etc.
Lines 351-71
-notice Tarquin’s knee inserted between Lucrese legs as a sign of the violation
about to occur (in the painting of rape of Lucrese)
-there is also a lot of animal imagery
Lines 386-406
-In Shakespeare’s language, Sleep and Death are very similar
-in the renaissance they wondered where the soul went while the body slept
-description of Lucrece sleeping -> see the blazon being used
-anadiplosis -> The repetition of the last word (or phrase) from the previous line,
clause, or sentence at the beginning of the next
-this is seen in the second stanza
-Polyptoton: Repeating a word, but in a different form. Using a cognate of a given
word in close proximity (same word, different grammatical form)
-also seen in the second stanza (will, wilful, etc)
-as if we are getting a glimpse of Lucrece before she gets transformed into the body
which she will become
-translation of sleep to death has been suspended
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