Week 2.1 Tuesday January 15 , 2013
Pastoral Nostalgia and the Literature of Enclosure
Nature’s positive but then is disrupted and intruded on by market consumption
In romantic era works, eco-critics tended to see a world-view that paralleled an
environmental view from the 20 century
o There has been a cost to over valuing economics
An idea that to help humanity get back on track with nature, we need to
examine where we are
There is always a desire to discover where we want wrong
o Scholars and designers try to pinpoint all the locations
Was it the invention of the steam engine?
The creation of empires?
o Anytime we pick those points we are betraying our values
Oliver Goldsmith’s “The Deserted Village”
Written in 1770
A poem of social critique
A shift from a feudal and collective system of social and economic relations to an
individual and capitalist system
Represent the individual in starkly different ways
It’s very much a poem in the didactic
o A poem that is trying to teach and instruct
A period of agricultural revolution
o Radical changes going on in the English landscape fueling a consciousness
and sensitivity to the environment
In this century, agricultural, like manufacturing, benefited from science and the
increase of production
o More food for animals, people, etc.
What brought about the massive migration from rural England to urban centres
and the colonies?
o Major advances in technology
More food, fewer labourers