Lecture 4 – Jan 18 - Shakespeare
– 2.3.66-84 --> Bassianus describes Aaron as aboninable
– What is the logic of Lavinia's appeal?
– What ideas is Tamora's response to Lavinia grounded in?
– What does the reape demonstrate about Tamora and her sons?
– There is a threat coming from Tamora (revenge it as you love your mother's life/or be not
called my sons)
– there is a threat because of lineage
➢ Where does Shakespeare get his ideas? (Ovid Metamorphoses)
➢ Tereus & Procne marry in Thrace
➢ In Ovid, greeks are the homelad, the thracians are the barbarians who are outside the linguistic
area of greece
➢ pg 145 he says he will protect philomel with a father's love, but then he ends up raping her?
➢ Tereus is an outsider
➢ When Lavinia says “confusion” - & in Ovid.....they say....”Now it is all confused” - this idea of
confusion in the form of incest....because tereus takes philomela as a second wife at at the same
time it's an exomogous marriage that he comes from thrace and not from greece.
➢ Tereu's rape of Philomel breaks the incest taboo
➢ Tereus is an outsider/barbarian in greek
➢ Philomel threatens to speak the crime that has been committed against her.
➢ Babbling --- Barbarians...the things that babble are barbarians (idea of Lavinia getting her
tongue get off....only allows her to babble and not speak)
➢ Lavinia's encounters with Demetrius and Chiron are encounters with Barbarians.
➢ There[s a link between the mouth and wounded genitals.
➢ We need to read Ovid to understand the underlying meaning because Shakespeare can't stage
everything (especially a rape)
➢ Procne (the sister) and Philomela discover the crime and it is Procne that desig