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Stanley Fish and Kenneth Burke.docx
Stanley Fish and Kenneth Burke.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
C Scoville

English 205- may 9th Stanley Fish  Stanely fish is a real character, one of the most literay critics in the first half of the century.  Important scholar in law  Played the role of intellect individual  Truth emerges from interpretation  His primary way of approaching literature was reader response criticsm- holds that a text doesn’t mean anything all by itself.  Also believes that competence in reading text does not come on its own but through living in an interpretive community o They develop their own ways of interpreting texts; their own rules  Has particular philosophical approach to literature- calls himself anti-foundationalist thinker o Means: when you get beneath culture, you reach the bottom that has crucial ideas that don’t move- Fish is the opposite of this.  Starts on p.1609 by listing the charges against rhetoric, mainly that rhetoric doesn’t care what is true, or positive, or beautiful etc.  P.1610, contrasts Gorgias(?)- it is a major debate  Persuasion comes through human effort (Kako?)  P.1611- there are three different types of truth  On one hand we have that truth is out there, and the other is that truth is whatever we can figure out on the time by what questions we ask  When it comes to human affairs, rhetoric is the best way to go about things  It is just the nature of being human to Fish  MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO: was a roman politician and was the greatest public speaker of that time. He had an idea about persuasive language, and rhetoric which is spoken about on p.1615.  P.1616- you know who you are through the routines of acts that you continue on a daily basis o Considered a “role”  Homo seriosus vs. Homo rhetoricus o Which is right? Whichever you can accept which Fish doesn’t really answer. o The key is not to decide which is the right answer, the key thing is to understand that this is question, that we have this pair of understanding ways of how humans are. o One is fixed, and one is dynamic- neither is the right way  THE DIFFE
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