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Lecture 2

ENG100 Lecture 2.pdf

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Department
English
Course
ENG100H1
Professor
Daniel Harney
Semester
Summer

Description
Lecture 2 May-16-13 2:10 PM Lecture 2 Online example article due next Tuesday - Find an example of analytical article - Popular magazine/newspaper/journal - Not scholarly source - Newyorker, walrus, slate.com,.. - Serious-ish - Interest in ideas - Print it out, underline the elements of the article, that makes the article crucial, where are the sentences that tell you what the article is about, what the position of the author is ○ e.g. thesis, arguments - Identify ways that language works to persuade and to express ○ What are the elements/ phrases? - And bring to class - will have to talk about what you have read, - Not grammatical stuff... - Not too long (1-2 page long or so) Reminder: - Rhetoric = art of persuasion with the use of language - "wooing" the reader - Touch someone's emotions - Tapping into someone's experiences … situations that are relatable.. To get the reader on your side - Logos (logic) includes stats, evidence, and numbers - Rhetorical questions - that touches emotion - Tone of voice matters - Anticipating readers objections ○ Think about what the reader (or interviewer) may have in objection ○ Anticipate what they may say against or rebel against your ideas - Anticipate what the reader NEEDS to know - Point to expertise (ethos) Transitional words - USE more of these: ○ Yet, but however, although, while,.. ○ More dynamic, better - Creating an opposition - Key words used in this class - Thinking about multiple perspectives - DO NOT use these: ○ Also, and another, further… ○ Stuck in a 'rut' - Use the transitional words at the beginning of the paragraph Article 1: "I won't Hire People Who Use Poor Grammar, Here's why." - "Good grammar is credibility" ○ Grammar ability can indicate sloppiness of an individual ○ Sloppy grammar can indicate the credibility of the person, or place (like a restaurant) - People in powerful positions are able to write - Dismissive tone; elitist - Extreme tone - makes it unrealistic - Doesn't have a counterargument Article 2: "A Matter of Fashion" - Language is like fashion, it changes like trends - It comes and goes - There is no link to intelligence or credibility by the grammar you use - "sanctamonious: (?) = acting holyier than thou - The rules are not sacred, they change - Even though grammar is not stable, it changes, - You can't break social norms - thus we must live in the "now" - Begin with humor/ rhetorical questions - help invite the reader Note: - Content vs Form Lectures Page 1 - Content vs Form ○ Content = the "what" ○ Form (also: style/ tone) = the "how" - Split infinitive ○ Infinitive form of a verb = to go, to move.. ○ To split the infinitive:  e.g. "to slowly move"  ^ this is incorrect grammatically, and should be "to move slowly" - you can't split the verb up - Star Trek beginning: "To boldly go, where no one has gone before" ○ It doesn't sound as good when it is grammatically changes to "To GO Boldly".. - This shows that sometimes it just doesn't matter - What supersedes grammar is style ○ In the Star Trek example, the "style" of how it is stated sounds better than grammatically correct sentence Grammar - p.577 - "The Child threw the ball" (ACTIVE) S V D.O. - Word order SVO - Think of all sentences as mini play - actor (subject) action (verb), result (object) - Periodic - Transitive and Intransitive verbs distinction - Transitive = cliff hanger… - Intransitive = satisfied sentence, says what listener need to know. - Commas: ○ e.g. He felt a pain in his kneeAND (or "so") he began to play cautiousl(2 sentences that can be on its own, that is connected with a coord. Conj) if the "and" is not there, this sentence will be a comma splice. ○ To fix this problem - use a semi-colon! ○ Semi-colon = Divides 2 sentences that can stand on its own, but the ideas are really linked together, and should be one sentence, thus a semi-colon is strong enough to connect this. ○ A change in the sentence:  He felt a pain in his kneand began to play cautiously. Independent dependent ○ Serial comma / "oxford" comma Know for F
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