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Lecture

Rape of Lucrece - Lec 4 Notes

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Department
English
Course
ENG220Y1
Professor
Elizabeth Harvey
Semester
Fall

Description
The Rape of Lucrece – Lecture 4 Notes - Lines 92-112 -from whose perspective are we hearing the poem from? -plaiting/braiding also a word used to describe an individual’s character during this time period -in the first of these Stanza’s First Stanza  Which, having all, all could not satisfy: -very good representation of Tarquin’s lust -pay attention to the word all -> this is a rhetorical figure -one of the sources of the intricate power of language in poem -this rhetorical figure is called epizeuxis -> simply the repetition of word and gives the poem an augmentation -word taken from site Silva Rhetoricae -with the repetition of all -> only to modify the meaning with its opposite -projects what we see in the structure of the poem -uses the rhetorical figure pollexis as well (foreshadowing) Second Stanza --this stanza is a face-face confrontation -juxtaposition between eyes and ears Third Stanza -the theme of chivalry and patriarchy is also brought up Lines 120-133 -in the poem, we get an extended description of what happened -copiousness -> opening and extending the margins of a story or a narrative -this is done through a journey through Tarquin’s mind as he fights with himself -this is how Shakespeare modified the story -this journey through his mind is known as Psychomachia -Second Stanza -this is a sustained example of Feminine rhyme: final unstressed syllable rhymes -Shakespeare uses this to break affect -each of this words is made up with a present participle: Durative action -this is not a finite action -> extends itself into time -unresolved psychomachia within the mind -> durative and not going away -Gender: -in the Renassiance: masculinity -> marshal valour was one of the powerful characteristics -Feminity-> to be emotional and soft, and consumed with desire, passive and indecisive -it was thought that men who spent too much time thinking about sex became feminine -> enslaved by desire -in these stanzas, Tarquin becomes portrayed as weak and feminine Lines 155-68 -animal imagery is used in these stanzas and also runs through poem (Lamb reference) -there is also a connection between the characters in the poem and the world they live in -as if the world is reacting to this act -> world gains animicity (animate) Lines 169-82 -tarquin being tossed between desire and dread -> the use of the cloak is important -in the second stanza -> in the last line, Tarquin is trying to get himself aroused for this moment -in the beginning of the poem, we already hear references to the “fire”, in this stanza, sparks are made in reference to the sword -> represented as “phallic object” -word for vagina -> “sheath” (latin translation) -Apostrophe -> a rhetorical figure, direct reference to something inanimate of abstract -in this case, the address is to the torch -Tarquin uses these inanimate objects to help him with his act -Anaphora-> rhetorical device the repetition of the same word in subsequent lines -> the word “O” is continually repeated -golden coat, herald, cipher, posterity -> in last stanza are connected -ciphers are symbolic figures or letters, can also be a code -cipher is a sign for the female genitalia (the 0, or the not) -“O”-> is a sound or letter to watch for because it could mean vagina Lines 300-315 -Taquin’s opening of doors is representative of the space between Tarquin and Lucrece’s will which he is forcing open -the rape itself had been transposed into an architectural metaphor -long tradition of representing the body as a house -refers also to the genealogical lineage that is represented by the “house” -eg. The House of York, the House of the Montigues, etc. -house=lineage Lines 351-71 -notice Tarquin’s knee inserted between Lucrese legs as a sign of the violation about to occur (in the painting of rape of Lucrese) -there is also a lot of animal imagery Lines 386-406 -In Shakespeare’s language, Sleep and Death are very similar -in the renaissance they wondered where the soul went while the body slept -description of Lucrece sleeping -> see the blazon being used -anadiplosis -> The repetition of the last word (or phrase) from the previous line, clause, or sentence at the beginning of the next -this is seen in the second stanza -Polyptoton: Repeating a word, but in a different form. Using a cognate of a given word in close proximity (same word, different grammatical form) -also seen in the second stanza (will, wilful, etc) -as if we are getting a glimpse of Lucrece before she gets transformed into the body which she will become -translation of sleep to death has been suspended Lines 449-69 -Lucrece is suspended between sleeping and waking -we move from vision to touch -think of the language of sensation, emotion, fear etc. -> how they get translated into articulate language Lines 505-18 -Tarquin is said to be a falcon -> comes from family cal
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