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ENG302Y1 (2)

Lecture 1 - Intro & Historical Context

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Joel Rodgers

Intro: Historical Context September-10-12 Chronology: 1500-1600, the 16th century Period Labels: Renaissance - return to Classical antiquity Reformation - religious conflict and change Early modern - origins of modernity. Currently the most popular label. Reining monarchs: Tudor Dynasty - Aristocratic, ruling class. Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I There are problems with all these labels because they leave out a lot of other important things. Notably, calling the period the renaissance implies that during the medieval period (before this one) abruptly ended and they never paid attention to the classics or did anything important. Modern interpretations of history tend to make everything sexy. Writers of the 16th century tended to do similar things in writing about & interpreting the past. Ex. Kate Beaton's “Sexy Tudors” comic Timeline: 1486 - Henry VII (Tudor) marries Elizabeth of York, uniting houses of York and Lancaster 1509 - Henry VIII becomes kind of England 1513 - Machiavelli's The Prince circulates in MS 1516 - Thomas More writes Utopia 1517 - Martin Luther nails his 95 theses to a church door 1529 - Henry VIII dismisses Lord Chancellor Wolsey for failing to obtain the Pope's consent to divorce from Catherine of Aragorn. More is appointed Lord Chancellor. Henry VIII begins to cut ties with the Church of Rome 1533 - Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn and is excommunicated by Pope Clement VII 1534 - Act of Supremacy: Henry VIII declared supreme head of the Church of England 1535 - More was beheaded in the Tower of London for refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy (wanted to be Catholic & refused to declare what his faith was) 1536 - Anne Boleyn executed for charges of incest, adultery and treason (but actually because she didn't have a son) 1547 - Henry VIII dies. His son (by Jane Seymour) Edward VI becomes king 1549 - Uniform Protestant service adopted based on Edward VI's Book of Common Prayer 1553 - Edward VI dies. Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed queen but her title is disputed because she only lasted 9 days. Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragorn, becomes queen of England and restores Catholicism. 1555 - Protestants persecuted and over 280 burned at the stake 1557 - Richard Tottel publishes Songes and Sonnettes, aka Tottel's Miscellany 1558 - Mary I dies, Elizabeth I becomes queen and returns England to Protestantism. 1568 - implicated in her husband's murder, former Queen of Scots Mary Stuart is imprisoned by Elizabeth I in England 1584 - William of Orange assassinated, England sends aid to the Netherlands. People start
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