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 Pandemonium  Architect – God/Mulciber, allusion to epic  Comparison playing with sense of time  Before the past happens  Reconsider timeline of history  Greek myths, fall of Greek and Roman after Fall… but all Falls in humankind modeled on original Fall  Interpretive activity of allusion  Typology – how Christian theology is fulfilled/prefigured by Old Testament figures/symbols  Lessons learned in Book 1 will help understand later Books  Book 2 o 1HIgh on a Throne of Royal State, which far o 2Outshon the wealth of Ormus and of Ind, o 3Or where the gorgeous East with richest hand o 4Showrs on her Kings Barbaric Pearl and Gold, o 5Satan exalted sat, by merit rais'd o 6To that bad eminence; and from despair o 7Thus high uplifted beyond hope, aspires o 8Beyond thus high, insatiate to pursue o 9Vain Warr with Heav'n, and by success untaught o 10His proud imaginations thus displaid.  Finally see Satan on throne in Pandemonium  Colonialism (barbaric gold… exploitation), republican government, monarchical throne o 43He ceas'd, and next him Moloc, Scepter'd King o 44Stood up, the strongest and the fiercest Spirit o 45That fought in Heav'n; now fiercer by despair: o 46His trust was with th' Eternal to be deem'd o 47Equal in strength, and rather then be less o 48Car'd not to be at all; with that care lost o 49Went all his fear: of God, or Hell, or worse o 50He reck'd not, and these words thereafter spake.  Moloc rash, wants to open war, advocating o 106He ended frowning, and his look denounc'd o 107Desperate revenge, and Battel dangerous o 108To less then Gods. On th' other side up rose o 109Belial, in act more graceful and humane; o 110A fairer person lost not Heav'n; he seemd o 111For dignity compos'd and high exploit: o 112But all was false and hollow; though his Tongue o 113Dropt Manna, and could make the worse appear o 114The better reason, to perplex and dash o 115Maturest Counsels: for his thoughts were low; o 116To vice industrious, but to Nobler deeds o 117Timorous and slothful: yet he pleas'd the ear, o 118And with perswasive accent thus began.  Slick politician that speaks well but has bad vice  It may not be so bad down here o 187Warr therefore, open or conceal'd, alike o 188My voice disswades; for what can force or guile o 189With him, or who deceive his mind, whose eye o 190Views all things at one view? he from heav'ns highth o 191All these our motions vain, sees and derides; o 192Not more Almighty to resist our might o 193Then wise to frustrate all our plots and wiles.  Moment of truth, God sees all, fearsome consequences  No point in plotting since knows  Mammon – gold, propose to stay here free instead, make it nice o 237We overpower? Suppose he should relent o 238And publish Grace to all, on promise made o 239Of new Subjection; with what eyes could we o 240Stand in his presence humble, and receive o 241Strict Laws impos'd, to celebrate his Throne o 242With warbl'd Hymns, and to his God head sing o 243Forc't Halleluia's; while he Lordly sits o 244Our envied Sovran, and his Altar breathes o 245Ambrosial Odours and Ambrosial Flowers, o 246Our servile offerings. This must be our task o 247In Heav'n this our delight; how wearisom o 248Eternity so spent in worship paid o 249To whom we hate.  290After the Tempest: Such applause was heard  291As Mammon ended, and his Sentence pleas'd,  292Advising peace: for such another Field  293They dreaded worse then Hell: so much the fear  294Of Thunder and the Sword of Michael  295Wrought still within them; and no less desire  296To found this nether Empire, which might rise  297By pollicy, and long process of time,  298In emulation opposite to Heav'n. Beelzebub o 299Which when Beelzebub perceiv'd, then whom, o 300Satan except, none higher sat, with grave o 301Aspect he rose, and in his rising seem'd o 302A Pillar of State; deep on his Front engraven o 303Deliberation sat and public care; o 304And Princely counsel in his face yet shon, o 305Majestic though in ruin: sage he stood o 306With Atlantean shoulders fit to bear o 307The weight of mightiest Monarchies; his look o 308Drew audience and attention still as Night o 309Or Summers Noon-tide air, while thus he spake.  310Thrones and Imperial Powers, off-spring of heav'n  311Ethereal Vertues; or these Titles now  312Must we renounce, and changing stile be call'd  313Princes of Hell? for so the popular vote  314Inclines, here to continue, and build up here  315A growing Empire; doubtless; while we dream,  316And know not that the King of Heav'n hath doom'd  317This place our dungeon, not our safe retreat  318Beyond his Potent arm, to live exempt  319From Heav'ns high jurisdiction, in new League  320Banded against his Throne, but to remaine  321In strictest bondage, though thus far remov'd,  322Under th' inevitable curb, reserv'd  323His captive multitude: For he, be sure  324In heighth or depth, still first and last will Reign  325Sole King, and of his Kingdom loose no part  326By our revolt, but over Hell extend  327His Empire, and with Iron Scepter rule  328Us here, as with his Golden those in Heav'n.  Beelzebub – subtly deriding popular vote/mass, prince of hell does not sound good to him  Milton doesn’t like masses either  Forgetting that hell is place of punishment and God still rules over  Believes futile debate, bring back to reality o 344Or ambush from the Deep. What if we find o 345Some easier enterprize? There is a place o 346(If ancient and prophetic fame in Heav'n o 347Err not) another World, the happy seat o 348Of some new Race call'd Man, about this time o 349To be created like to us, though less o 350In power and excellence, but favour'd more o 351Of him who rules above; so was his will o 352Pronounc'd among the Gods, and by an Oath, o 353That shook Heav'ns whol circumference, confirm'd. o 354Thither let us bend all our thoughts, to learn o 355What creatures there inhabit, of what mould, o 356Or substance, how endu'd, and what thir Power, o 357And where thir weakness, how attempted best, o 358By force or suttlety  rather than war, easier way to get back at God -> heard from end of Book 1 by Satan  narrator remarks o 378Hatching vain Empires. Thus Beelzebub o 379Pleaded his devilish Counsel, first devis'd o 380By Satan, and in part propos'd  question of parliamentary procedure/debate  Satan gets to do what he wanted all along after everyone gets stupid ideas out  Vote and assent to plan, Beelzebub praises for well ended long debate  Who is sufficient to take on attempt  Satan being more overtly revealed as monarch figure  Point of council to set up…  Satan’s heroic offering o 430O Progeny of Heav'n, Empyreal Thrones, o 431With reason hath deep silence and demurr o 432Seis'd us, though undismaid: long is the way o 433And hard, that out of Hell leads up to light; o 434Our prison strong, this huge convex of Fire, o 435Outrageous to devour, immures us round o 436Ninefold, and gates of burning Adamant o 437Barr'd over us prohibit all egress.  Despite the ills, he will overcome… no difficulty/danger will deter him from attempting, honour… setting up as epic hero and monarch o 449Of difficulty or danger could deterr o 450Mee from attempting. Wherefore do I assume o 451These Royalties, and not refuse to Reign, o 452Refusing to accept as great a share o 453Of hazard as of honour, due alike o 454To him who Reigns, and so much to him due o 455Of hazard more, as he above the rest o 456High honourd sits?  Volunteering self o 466None shall partake with me. Thus saying rose o 467The Monarch, and prevented all reply, o 468Prudent, least from his resolution rais'd o 469Others among the chief might offer now o 470(Certain to be refus'd) what erst they feard; o 471And so refus'd might in opinion stand o 472His Rivals  narrative comment show Satan’s control, no one else will intervene since it will take away from his attempt to glorify self  similar kind of council in Book 3 in heaven  parallels, patterns and contrasts  carefully thought out structuring of all books to balance each other  descriptions and similes of ac
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