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ENG303 130318.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

Book 5  Raphael, angel appetite, need sustenance too… eats with Adam with real relish  Milton goes out of way to express materiality of angels  Acknowledges this doesn’t conform to orthodox understanding  Physical, material paradise with eating, sex, excrete o 469O Adam, one Almightie is, from whom o 470All things proceed, and up to him return, o 471If not deprav'd from good, created all o 472Such to perfection, one first matter all, o 473Indu'd with various forms various degrees o 474Of substance, and in things that live, of life; o 475But more refin'd, more spiritous, and pure, o 476As neerer to him plac't or neerer tending o 477Each in thir several active Sphears assignd, o 478Till body up to spirit work, in bounds o 479Proportiond to each kind. So from the root o 480Springs lighter the green stalk, from thence the leaves o 481More aerie, last the bright consummate floure o 482Spirits odorous breathes: flours and thir fruit o 483Mans nourishment, by gradual scale sublim'd o 484To vital Spirits aspire, to animal, o 485To intellectual, give both life and sense, o 486Fansie and understanding, whence the Soule o 487Reason receives, and reason is her being, o 488Discursive, or Intuitive; discourse o 489Is oftest yours, the latter most is ours, o 490Differing but in degree, of kind the same. o 491Wonder not then, what God for you saw good o 492If I refuse not, but convert, as you, o 493To proper substance; time may come when men o 494With Angels may participate, and find o 495No inconvenient Diet, nor too light Fare: o 496And from these corporal nutriments perhaps o 497Your bodies may at last turn all to Spirit, o 498Improv'd by tract of time, and wingd ascend o 499Ethereal, as wee, or may at choice o 500Here or in Heav'nly Paradises dwell; o 501If ye be found obedient, and retain o 502Unalterably firm his love entire o 503Whose progenie you are. Mean while enjoy o 504Your fill what happiness this happie state o 505Can comprehend, incapable of more.  Angels and humans are same in having rational reason, spirit is what divides man from animal  Angels more refined and nearer to God, man lower  Hierarchy  Metaphor of plant, higher = roots->stalk->leaves->flowers, create odor that heavens breathe but also breathe spirit matter of heavens… plant has different parts like universe… still rooted in matter  Elemental matter, atomistic building blocks of God -> create similarity between man and angel  Significance of idea of movement, ability to move up… “in bounds” -> pun, in limits and leaping forward, tension of stationary and moving  Universe is fluid hierarchy, man sublimed in cosmic matter – using language of alchemy… turning baser substance into something better, transformation, idea of Philosopher’s Stone (gold/immortality), man’s eternal life  winged ascend ethereal – Eve wished for in dream  Man – discursive reasoning vs angel – immediate, intuitive  Raphael’s willingness to eat with Adam, unity of creation, gesture of condescension  Theodicy – explaining origins of faith, framework, a vindication of the divine attributes, particularly holiness and justice, in establishing or allowing the existence of physical and moral evil  Faculties that man has to resist against Fall, man’s hunger for knowledge, tension between hunger and logic  Raphael’s warning visit, way he chooses to express warning  How to poetically represent theological questions… tension in war, using it but stylistically dismissive of impulse, beyond human comprehension… invention vs canon 519To whom the Angel. Son of Heav'n and Earth, 520Attend: That thou are happie, owe to God; 521That thou continu'st such, owe to thy self, 522That is, to thy obedience; therein stand. 523This was that caution giv'n thee; be advis'd. 524God made thee perfet, not immutable; 525And good he made thee, but to persevere 526He left it in thy power, ordaind thy will 527By nature free, not over-rul'd by Fate 528Inextricable, or strict necessity; 529Our voluntarie service he requires, 530Not our necessitated, such with him 531Findes no acceptance, nor can find, for how 532Can hearts, not free, be tri'd whether they serve 533Willing or no, who will but what they must 534By Destinie, and can no other choose?  Angels hold position through obedience  Emphasizing free will, importance of choosing  Voluntary service he requires -> paradox, but working within Christ  Echoing language of sonnet (blindness), effort more valued by God than end result, slow, ongoing process, potential for equality and ascension in Eden, progression than static  Active appetite and biting of apple, human hunger 583As Heav'ns great Year brings forth, th' Empyreal Host 584Of Angels by Imperial summons call'd, 585Innumerable before th' Almighties Throne 586Forthwith from all the ends of Heav'n appeerd 587Under thir Hierarchs in orders bright 588Ten thousand thousand Ensignes high advanc'd, 589Standards, and Gonfalons twixt Van and Reare 590Streame in the Aire, and for distinction serve 591Of Hierarchies, of Orders, and Degrees; 592Or in thir glittering Tissues bear imblaz'd 593Holy Memorials, acts of Zeale and Love 594Recorded eminent.  Glittering image of hosts of Heaven gathered, military flags, ordered in formation, God before them speaking, announcing begetting of Son o 600Hear all ye Angels, Progenie of Light, o 601Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Vertues, Powers, o 602Hear my Decree, which unrevok't shall stand. o 603This day I have begot whom I declare o 604My onely Son, and on this holy Hill o 605Him have anointed, whom ye now behold o 606At my right hand; your Head I him appoint; o 607And by my Self have sworn to him shall bow o 608All knees in Heav'n, and shall confess him Lord: o 609Under his great Vice-gerent Reign abide o 610United as one individual Soule o 611For ever happie: him who disobeyes o 612Mee disobeyes, breaks union, and that day o 613Cast out from God and blessed vision, falls o 614Into utter darkness, deep ingulft, his place o 615Ordaind without redemption, without end.  Exultation speech, first time of appointing son as second in command  Begot -> idea of exalting son as
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