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Lecture 17

Lecture 17 - 131106.pdf

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Department
English
Course Code
ENG323H1
Professor
Deidre Lynch

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ENG323H1  ‐Lecture #17 Wednesday, November 6, 2013 2:07 PM Mansfield Park • The idea of  profession: refers to 4 ways to earn a living:  army, navy, law, church; of a higher rank than tra‐  used for younger sons to earn a living ○ How a gentleman can earn a living but still be  considered a gentleman ○ A gentleman just is;a gentleman defined by his  need not to work rather than a figure defined by  what he does • Sir Thomas owns a lot of land ‐ not only the Antigua  estate (it's just part of his income); b/c of Tom and b/c  the Antigua estate is losing money, Sir Thomas has to  sell one of the livings (the position in the church that  was supposed to be kept for Edmund, but now belongs  to Dr. Grant) ○ The value of the living is $200/a year: clergymen  only have income during their lifetime  ‐ after that  it goes back to the landowner to give out to new  clergymen  (Ch 3,pg 19) "I blushed for you Tom, you  have robbed Edmund …." □ "… one more than half his income":  Sir Thomas has two family livings ‐ Edmund only gets to be parish priest  in one living, rather than two ○ Edmund doesn't need to actually w ork for a living  (there's not much work to do in clergy work‐one  man can hold more than one living (they can hold  up to 16 livings)  Edmund's disposition: society as unnerved  by the idle men ‐ new notions of being a  gentleman in circulation ○ We see financial difficulty only when Fanny goes  back to live with her family (in Volume 3) • The ha‐ha at Sutherton: the ha‐ha is combined with an  iron gate ‐used for restraint but somehow also related  w/ freedom ‐ sexual inuendo: Maria passing a boundary  that she shouldn't pass and tearing her gown on some  spikes • Improvements: ○ Fanny as most opposed to improvement; "Cut  down an avenue … what a pity"   She's really in touch with nature so she  wouldn't want things to change (eg. scene  where she's stargazing)  She respects the past compared to the  other characters (there's a sort of disrespect  to the older generation) ‐ eg. Scene at the  chapel at Sutherton ‐ she's the only one  who's actually interested in Mrs.  Rushwood's past; Fanny associated to  nostalgia ‐ she's resistant to change □ Her own birthplace and social origins  means that she's marginal to these  idealized great houses □ Fanny's relationship with the class  system is mystified 
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