Class Notes (839,241)
Canada (511,223)
Geography (975)
GGR124H1 (189)


4 Pages

Course Code
Damian Dupuy

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Lecture #3: The Urban System • “A set of geographically bounded cities that share a number of common attributes that interact with each other to a more significant extant than cities outside the system” • No cities can grow in a vacuum. Linkages and connections must exists with other cities o Dependency o Competition  Its cheaper for firms to locate in Toronto b.c they pay less property tax o Transportation 2 Types of Urban Systems • Geographic scale o International/global  Linkages between t.o, nyc, London- b.c of finances o Nation  Toronto and Ottawa b.c of government funding  Less funding between Ottawa and Quebec b.c of arguing o Regional  Oshawa, Toronto, Barrie, Kitchener, Windsor- industrial corridor • Functional o Production based o Consumer oriented o Specialized service Evolution of Urban Systems • “Classic” o How did cities emerge?- social surplus and agglomeration • Colonial ie Vance o External settlement selection o Colonial power determines speed o System moves toward interior o exploit raw materials o Eventually, system more functionally integrated and dependent, resembles classic system National Urban Systems I • Most cities accommodate a variety of functions • Many suggested classification schemes o Amount of employment in a particular sector o Population size o Multivariate statically analyses o Cities are placed on urban hiechery is based on size AND more variety of functions/services the city provides o Global hierachy0 these cities provide more global benefits- NYC international governance linkages- the center of UN- • Allen Pred (1977) classified according to interdependence and closure o Ie Vancouver has stronger linkages outside the country National Urban System II • Settlement patterns often reflect different urban functions 1. Linear pattern  Urban taking place from one natural recourse to another  Cities evolving in linear patterns • Role of great lakes as a transportation linkage 2. Clustered  Distinct natural resources  Mining clusters- Ex. Sudbury, northern Ontario 3. Uniform/hierarchical pattern  Main town in the middle, lower orders scattered around one  Bigger roads link bigger centers, same thing with small centers City Size Distribution I • “Distribution of cities/urban regions by population” • Directly or indirectly associated with 1. Density of population and population activity 2. Land values and housing prices 3. Traffic Congestion 4. Air pollution 5. Levels of social diversity a. Do bigger cities have more social problems? 6. Levels of amenity/diversity of services City Distribution II • Continuous or Rank-Size Distribution o Clear pattern between city size and rank within the urban system  Is there a proportional difference as you go down the hieracry
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.