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Lecture 4


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GGR 124 – WEEK 4 READINGS – POLITICS AND POLICY CH.16  Cities whether regarded as: territories, institutions or ideas – are constituted by power relations – which make us question their ontological (the branch of metaphysics that studies the nature of existence or being as such; metaphysical) status Chapter focuses:  City mayor  city voice  Machine Politics  Scale and Autonomy (freedom, self-gov‘t) The Mayor and the City  Historically considered as the ‗first‘ citizen in the city  Mac hine Politics  Clientalism: close system of political rewards, where favourable votes are paid back with job appointments  Machine Politics, was one of the few ways where working class minorities could gain a purchase in city politics.  Relations between cities and external agents: o Mayors ‗embody‘ cities – i.e. if born in the city, they have same culture sense of humour etc. – double representation o Animator of city space – be present esp. in times of crisis ―city fathers‖ o Narratives about past, present future of the territory – shaping and responding to public discourse concerning crime, fear of territorism economy etc. Week 5 – Lecture Brief return to Global Cities Working life in the “Postindustrial” City *‟deindustrialization‟ and the movement of production *The „new economy‟ and precarious work *The post-industrial urban landscape  Working life in the ―Post-industrial‖ City  Deindustrialization, not simply decline of industry o The world is very industrialized, but where its happened has changed o Cannot understand this topic without geography o Economic Geography – doesn‘t make sense to talk about the economy without talking about space o Consider: Shirts exercise, where they were made  Problem with ‗deindustrialization‘ almost suggests that there is no more industry o A lot has changed, but the are still industries o The particular industries have changed  Deindustrialization usually is about the decline of manufacturing  However, industry is still important o Consider: Auto Industry in Southern Ontario o Fordism: If you pay workers enough, they could buy the products the were making.  Another very important industry – food industry – not going anywhere  Consider: Sugar Factory in Toronto o Sugar is one of the most important ingredients in most food we eat New Economy  Low is more precarious for low income work  Rising of shift work  Gendering and racialization of that work  However several high end workers also working in precarious work more than before Post-industrial Urban Landscape  The city as a geography of workers  The Landscaping of the city – transformation of work is also transformation of neighbourhoods etc. How/When/Where/In what ways has work changed? (we could add: How people are cities are responding?)  Consider: High densities of people living in one neighbourhood  How much goes into a park  How many people standing waiting for one bus  And etc. Political Restructuring of Cities  The city as a political space  They are tendencies – always open to contestation, challenge, and transformation  Cities are acting almost increasingly as corporation  They kind of take on the role in doing work that was specific to corporations o i.e. Branding,  Cities feel the need to compete – investments, usually to create jobs, to attract high-wage/skill employees,  Also the competition to simply be named the best  Pr
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