Lec 1 Econ Geography Intro
Introduction to GGR221 "New Economic Spaces"
Office Hours: Tuesday 1-3pm
- Only one or two
- Help with assignment
- Uoft bookstore
- Major shifts affecting the Canadian economy
- Understanding changes in economy
1) Primary sector
2) Secondary Sector
3) Tertiary sector (rise of service sector)
4) Financial services (shifts in governance)
Midterm: February 10, 2014, in the regular classroom
- Short answers with choice
- No Multiple choice
Final exam: long essay questions
- With choice
Assignment / Essay: March 31 (due in class)
- Tracing manufacture product through all the stages
- Where it was designed
- How it was designed
- How important it was to develop this product
- Where it was manufactured
○ Locally or internationally?
- Why it was located in a particular place
- How product was branded
- Any incongruencies
- How it is consumed
- Ethical and fairtrade (labor, environment, process, humanitarian..etc)
- Research academic or secondary non-academic (newspapers, magazines..etc)
- e.g. Canada Goose jackets, Rolex watch, AK47 rifle,
- *pick something that has a story, contradictions, controversies, labor practices…
- Commodity that is produced
- *Don't pick something ordinary ; pick something interesting
- Avoid coffee beans
- Pick a product with some sort of manufacturing process
What is economic geography?
- Location of diff types of economic activities, the economies of particular regions, and economic relationships
- Focus: uneven development
- Inequality nature of development
- Relationship between places as a result of patterns of location
- Karl Andree quote
- Geographers are concerned with: where goods and services are produced and under what conditions?
- How processes are changing
- How is it that a good produced in one place endds up at another? By what means?
○ Looking at flow of products
New information, technologies,
Lectures Page 1 ○ New information, technologies,
- Who buys goods?
- How has the production of goods and services evolved over time?
- What is the appropriate role of government?
○ Economy + politics
- What, who, how, where, why and so what?
- What are implications for people? workers? communities? consumers? environments? social justice?
- Economic geography :
○ Distinct from economics - less abstract and generalizing
○ Geography matters! ("location, location, location"!)
Significant to the well-being and success
○ Paul Krugman, economist (NY times) - wrote about the importance and significance of geography in
a) Transportation costs encourage manufacturers to locate close to other manufacturers
- Natural tendency to cluster to save on transportation costs
b) Makes region attractive to workers
- Job opportunity
- Employee buying a good produced locally, own transportation cost is reduced
c) Draws other manufacturers to be close to market
- Reduced transportation increases profit
d) Manufacturing concentrates in core area and supplies periphery - cumulative causation
- Gap between poor and rich grow
- Growth feeding more growth ( cumulative causatio)*
- Central geographical concepts (Coe, Kelly and Yeung, 2013)
a) Location and distance
- Fixed point on a grid/set coordinates
- Absolute location (latitude and longitude)
- Relative location (relationship BETWEEN places on a grid; how long it takes to go from Point A to
B. costs involved)
• How long, how much (cost)
• Advances in telecommunication and technology has led to - "time-space compression"
- National state controls economic activity, and people and flows of money within the region
- A space that has been endowed with meaning (culture and society)
- e.g. work place, particular store, country, etc..
- Space = like an empty