Lecture 3 - September 26
what is the article about, and what you gonna say, summary, what the author says, half way start into critique,
provide a citation to the full article.
write about that it doesn’t provide the history, of how did they came tehre
Key Themes from Week 2
• Historical geography as the study of the geographical dimensions
of the past, and their relation to the present and future
• Three major themes in historical geography today: ideas, question of identity,
• Modernity as a condition of the last 500 years – tied very closely
to the ‘discovery’of a New World, and with the realization that
history was something humans made
• Modernity’s consequences – scientific and political advances, but
also relentless industrial capitalism, human divisions (normal vs.
abnormal), and attempts to separate culture from nature
Meadowcroft Rockshelter, Pennsylvania
- may contain evidence of human occupancy as early as
19,000 years ago (before the ‘Clovis’period)
(It is a very interesting archeologic site. The controversies is that people did not know that people setteled in NorthAmerica
that long ago. )
The Bering Land bridge (Beringia)
- has connected siberia and alaska by the fronzen ice bridge.
- allowed people to moved across the bridge, following the animals
• Traces first unearthed in New Mexico in early 20th century
• At least 13,500 years old
• Sites since identified throughout much of N. America
- The evidence that cloves culture was first, was challenged.
• 9000+ year -old remains found on the banks of the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington, in 1996
• The first anthropologist to examine them, James Chatters, argued that the remains belonged to a
“Caucasoid” male “who’d had difficulties with stone-age’peoples during his travels.” He was traper explorer. (Acaucasoid
man among the first americans, murdered by stone age people, probably asians that moved to take over america.)
The Geography of Race
His book On the Natural Varieties of Mankind (1776) is the source of the word ‘Caucasoid’
(Caucasian), rom the Caucasus Mountains, where, he wrote, there are “the most beautiful men”
- Scientific racism -
- Going from found bones, Serious media and newspapers were suggesting to history of human geography. Which was
taken tottaly in a wrong direction.
- They could have just said that , the Kennequik man was just a member of some tribe that resembled the people that
claimed his bones,
Franz Boas(antropoligst, geographer,) - you can measure intelegence by looking at the size of the skull.
Epic poetry meets archaeology:
L’AnseAux Meadows, Newfoundland
• Earliest known European settlement in the New World –