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GGR328 Feb 26.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Deborah Leslie

GGR328 Feb 26, 2013 Segmentation theorists Neoclassical Third generation approaches (rubbery 1992) -emphasize multi causal explanations -on demand side, emphasize product market conditions, industrial structure/technology, labour control strategies, employr discrimination, but also role of unions and state -on supply side, recognize of individual choices and investments -but not seen as rational choices--- these are constrained choices; women not working due to household works Neoclassical: labour market are segmented because people make diff choices -either decide to invest on human capital or not -everyone gets what they deserve -allocates workers according to worth -labour market establishes equilibrium -market neutral interpreter of outside characteristics -systematic biases........ -segmentation theories argue Barbour market divided into submariners perpetrating according to different rules -labour market not neutral out exacerbates social differences -employers discriminate, stereotypes about whose fit for the job; gender, age, ethic -workers ' labor market preferences shaped within segments of labor market Labour markets in Fordism -lots of primary sector, little secondary -this created a large middle class -highly structured in large bureaucratic firms -jobs were DEFINED -progression through the firm determined by seniority, it also determines if you get laid off and the position you're in and some cases depends how much you get paid -since jobs are deskilled workers didn't need to be creative or with merit Secondary sector -poorer working conditions -clothing industry, service -seasonal -smaller firms -no formal unions Labor markets in post-Fordism: toward the flexible firm -basis for labour market segmentation changing -search for flexibility in labour market -not only firms but the whole industry is now more flexible John Atkinson -the flexible firm model -core: full time, permanent, skilled, security -goal was to minimize the primary (flexible firm = lean firm) >maximize use of peripheral labour, not providing benefits and so on -first peripheral group: job rather than career full time but paid little -less security and career opportunities -second peripheral group: part-time, job sharing; only when needed -external groups: use of subcontractors, temporary help agencies -highly specialized skills are becoming more external group, no secure employment -highly general skills are
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