W EEK 10-M EDICAL P RACTICE AND M EDICAL P RACTITIONERS
Use page numbers!
12 pt font
Introduction: frames the topic, explains why it is interesting and the steps of your argument
Narrative: articulates your argument (what you want to argue for and bring evidence in support of your claims)
Conclusion: draws attention to the implications of your claims- also point further development
Important: provide reasons in support of your claims
Organize text into paragraphs
Possible to include pictures, captioned and relevance explained in the text
Turnitin- 5497993 Password- Henrietta
Pauline Mazumdar Essay Prize
Make sure to narrow down narrative – a few decades is best, do not talk about a large area because makes it easier to
More narrow the better
What gives a medical practitioner his/her authority or expertise and how does one trust an authority?
Ex. I will explore the protomedicato and its role in the creation and maintenance of medical authority.
Research- look at relevant lecture notes and look at suggested readings! Place to pick topic
Primary source- very important and use it extensively- help to deal with primary source.
o Fisher rare book library
o Library.wellcom.ac.uk – history of medicine library*great*
o History of medicine research guide –links to journal articles.
o Isis- history of science
o Bulletin of the History of Medicine
o Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
o Early science and medicine
In this paper I argue that…
State the argument very clearly, in the introduction and restate it in the conclusion
Correlative argument, or causal argument –
Evidence- organize your paper in terms of the evidence you are using to present your argument, make the reader
understand all quotes and paraphrases instead of quoting directly, put it in your own words showing that you
understand it ; why does it prove that point
Strong point – preempting criticism show that there was other interpretation and show that there is something wrong
with their point.
Structure- set the scene, argument and roadmap of the paper ; makes it seem like a coherent paper.
Body- 3-4 good points, bring something up and need to develop the point fully, deal with each point in detail and
explain why it is important.
Conclusion – Restate argument, explain why and how you proved your argument, why is this argument significant
Paragraph structure-first and last line of people should be understood
Marked on how clear (sent awk), clichés used? Grammar make sense? Spelling? Style?
Writing guides – writing.utoronto.ca, history.utoronto.ca/undergraduate/essays.html
History prefers CHICAGO STYLE- need to footnote- direct quote, paraphrasing idea, ideas not your own. HE WILL CHECK
THE FOOTNOTES! Needs to be coherent and make sense!
How complex is the argument? Can the reader follow your reasoning?
o Read the paper outloud
REGULAR AND IRREGULAR HEALERS
Until the late 18 C medicine was divided between different groups of practitioners There were university trained physicians who allegedly understood internal diseases who understood internal disease
and in control of medicaments that were taken through the mouth
There were surgeons who were in change of external part of the body and cured wounds and skin problems
Apothecaries ere devoted to the preparation of drug
There was then the wide groups of irregular healers who shared some practices with surgeons, apothecaries and
university trained physicians but also operated in other realms of healing such as the religious ones( seen in level of
queens and kings- until early 18 century, ha the patient affected with scrofula, the idea was that the king or queen has
the capacity to mediate divine killing/healing – quite a lot of following.